Sunday 8th December 2019

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Posts tagged ‘vanadium’

Visual Capitalist looks at the 10 strongest metals

October 22nd, 2019

by Nicholas LePan | posted with permission of Visual Capitalist | October 22, 2019

Visual Capitalist looks at the top 10 strongest metals

 

The use of metals and the advancement of human civilization have gone hand in hand—and throughout the ages, each metal has proved its worth based on its properties and applications.

This visualization from Viking Steel Structures outlines the 10 strongest metals on Earth and their applications.

What are metals?

Metals are solid materials that are typically hard, shiny, malleable and ductile, with good electrical and thermal conductivity. But not all metal is equal, which makes their uses as varied as their individual properties and benefits.

The periodic table below presents a simple view of the relationship between metals, nonmetals and metalloids, which you can easily identify by colour.

Visual Capitalist looks at the top 10 strongest metals

 

While 91 of the 118 elements of the periodic table are considered to be metals, only a few of them stand out as the strongest.

What makes a metal strong?

The strength of a metal depends on four properties:

  • Tensile strength: How well a metal resists being pulled apart

  • Compressive strength: How well a material resists being squashed together

  • Yield strength: How well a rod or beam of a particular metal resists bending and permanent damage

  • Impact strength: The ability to resist shattering upon impact with another object or surface

Here are the top 10 metals based on these properties.

 

Rank Type of metal Example use Atomic weight Melting point
#1 Tungsten Making bullets and missiles 183.84 u 3422°C / 6192 °F
#2 Steel Construction of railroads, roads, other infrastructure and appliances n/a 1371°C / 2500°F
#3 Chromium Manufacturing stainless steel 51.96 u 1907°C / 3465°F,
#4 Titanium In the aerospace industry, as a lightweight material with strength 47.87 u 1668°C / 3032°F
#5 Iron Used to make bridges, electricity, pylons, bicycle chains, cutting tools and rifle barrels 55.85 u 1536°C / 2800°F
#6 Vanadium 80% of vanadium is alloyed with iron to make steel shock- and corrosion-resistant 50.942 u 1910°C / 3470°F
#7 Lutetium Used as catalysts in petroleum production 174.96 u 1663 °C / 3025°F
#8 Zirconium Used in nuclear power stations 91.22 u 1850°C / 3.362°F
#9 Osmium Added to platinum or indium to make them harder 190.2 u 3000°C / 5,400°F
#10 Tantalum Used as an alloy due to its high melting point and anti-corrosion 180.94 u 3,017°C / 5462°F

 

Out of the forge and into tech: Metals for the future

While these metals help to forge the modern world, there is a new class of metals that are set to create a new future.

Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of metals that do not rely on their strength, but instead their importance in applications in new technologies, including those used for green energy.

 

Metal Uses
Neodymium Magnets containing neodymium are used in green technologies such as the manufacture of wind turbines and hybrid cars
Lanthanum Used in catalytic converters in cars, enabling them to run at high temperatures
Cerium This element is used in camera and telescope lenses
Praseodymium Used to create strong metals for use in aircraft engines
Gadolinium Used in X-ray and MRI scanning systems, and also in television screens
Yttrium, terbium, europium Making televisions and computer screens and other devices that have visual displays

 

If the world is going to move towards a more sustainable and efficient future, metals—both tough and smart—are going to be critical. Each one will serve a particular purpose to build the infrastructure and technology for the next generation.

Our ability to deploy technology with the right materials will test the world’s mettle to meet the challenges of tomorrow—so choose wisely.

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

International Montoro Resources employs high-tech analysis of Elliot Lake-region nickel-copper prospect

September 10th, 2019

by Greg Klein | September 10, 2019

A geophysical analysis on the property released last March found targets described as “good candidates for semi-massive nickel-copper mineralization.” Now International Montoro Resources TSXV:IMT has contracted Mira Geoscience to compile and analyze a much larger data set for the Pecors Lake project, part of the 1,840-hectare Serpent River property in Ontario’s Elliot Lake district.

International Montoro Resources employs high-tech analysis of Elliot Lake-region nickel-copper prospect

Nickel-copper potential brings new interest to
International Montoro Resources’ Serpent River property.

Historic drilling on Serpent’s southwestern area found uranium-rare earths mineralization. But extensive geophysical programs completed last year alerted Montoro to nickel-copper-PGE potential as well. A 3D model revealed that three assumed magnetic anomalies at Pecors actually comprise one contiguous anomaly estimated to be five kilometres long, two kilometres wide and two kilometres deep.

Considered pioneers of advanced geological and geophysical 3D and 4D modelling, Mira Geoscience will enter a library of data into its Geoscience Analyst 3D interactive platform. Included will be Ontario Geological Survey geochem and petrographic studies; OGSEarth data from drilling conducted by Teck Resources TSX:TECK.A/TSX:TECK.B, Rio Tinto NYSE:RIO, BHP Billiton NYSE:BHPand others on or near the property; federal government regional gravity and magnetic surveys; Montoro’s 22 drill holes; and downhole EM data for two holes reaching depths of one and 1.3 kilometres respectively.

In central British Columbia, Montoro had a 43-101 technical study completed in April for its recently acquired Wicheeda North property, adjacent to the Wicheeda rare earths deposit currently being drilled by Defense Metals TSXV:DEFN under option from Spectrum Mining. The report states that Wicheeda North “has the potential to host, and should continue to be explored for, rare earth element mineralization because it occurs within a favourable geological belt known to contain carbonatite-hosted REE mineralization.”

A 3D magnetic inversion was completed in June for the property, which Montoro has expanded to 2,138 hectares.

The company’s portfolio also includes the 2,300-hectare Duhamel property in central Quebec, considered prospective for nickel-copper-cobalt, as well as titanium-vanadium-chromium.

Along with Belmont Resources TSXV:BEA, Montoro shares 50/50 ownership of two uranium properties in northern Saskatchewan’s Uranium City area.

Last month Montoro closed a private placement first tranche of $47,500.

92 Resources hits high-grade copper-gold-silver with new Quebec discoveries

September 10th, 2019

by Greg Klein | September 10, 2019

Update: On October 17, 2019, 92 Resources began trading under a new name and stock symbol: Gaia Metals Corp TSXV:GMC.

Sample assays from two new discoveries have this company “ecstatic” about its James Bay-region Corvette-FCI project. Coming at the end of last summer’s 23-day field program, the findings have 92 Resources TSXV:NTY obviously enthusiastic about the property’s New Lorraine and Elsass prospects.

92 Resources hits high-grade copper-gold-silver with new Quebec discoveries

The highlight of 92’s summer campaign, this New Lorraine
sample graded 8.15% copper, 1.33 g/t gold and 171 g/t silver.

Some highlights from a New Lorraine outcrop include:

  • 8.15% copper, 1.33 g/t gold and 171 g/t silver

  • 1.55% copper, 0.14 g/t gold and 20.9 g/t silver

  • 0.23% copper, 3.55 g/t gold and 37.7 g/t silver

Located about 2.3 kilometres east along trend, Elsass hosts three outcrops over an approximately 350-metre strike that’s about 60 metres wide. Some Elsass samples feature:

  • 3.63% copper, 0.64 g/t gold and 52.3 g/t silver

  • 2.68% copper, 0.2 g/t gold and 43.9 g/t silver

  • 1.86% copper, 1.12 g/t gold and 32.6 g/t silver

Both prospects form part of the larger Maven trend, formerly called the Southern trend, and sit on the property’s FCI West claim block. With similar rock types and mineralization, the company considers the area between the two prospects highly prospective.

92 Resources hits high-grade copper-gold-silver with new Quebec discoveries

A sample of chalcopyrite mineralization
characterizing Elsass outcrops.

Proclaiming himself “ecstatic” with the results, president/CEO Adrian Lamoureux said, “With over eight kilometres of under-explored prospective trend and no drilling completed to date, we have literally only scratched the surface of this trend’s potential.”

The four-person crew from Dahrouge Geological Consulting collected 680 rock samples, as well as 211 soil samples up-ice from the Lac Bruno prospect. About three-quarters of the program explored the project’s FCI-East and FCI-West blocks, under a 75% option from Osisko Mining TSX:OSK. The remainder of the work targeted 92’s 100%-held Corvette claims. 

The project sits within the Lac Guyer Greenstone Belt, part of the La Grande Greenstone Belt, about six to 18 kilometres south of the Trans-Taiga Road and adjacent powerline.

The Maven trend hosting New Lorraine and Elsass also includes new discoveries at the Black Forrest and Hund showings. A Black Forrest sample graded 1.13% copper, 0.05 g/t gold and 19.5 g/t silver. Hund featured 3.28% copper, 0.78 g/t gold and 30.1 g/t silver.

Historic work on Maven’s Lac Smokycat-SO, Golden Gap and Tyrone T-9 showings have also brought high grades, although in non-43-101 reports. Together, the prospects suggest a potential copper-gold-silver trend stretching more than eight kilometres, 92 stated.

Still to come are regional assays, along with lithium-tantalum results. Channel samples released last year from Corvette’s CV1 pegmatite graded up to 2.28% Li2O and 471 ppm Ta2O5 over six metres.

Other 92 properties in Quebec include Eastman, Lac du Beryl and Pontax. Grab samples from Pontax featured up to 0.94% Li2O and 520 ppm Ta2O5.

In British Columbia 92 holds the Golden frac sand project adjacent to Northern Silica’s Moberly silica mine, as well as the Silver Sands vanadium prospect. In the Northwest Territories the company has a 40% stake in the Hidden Lake lithium project, where all 10 holes of last year’s 1,079-metre drill program hit grades above 1% Li2O.

92 Resources finds new potential for gold, copper, lithium in northern Quebec

August 8th, 2019

by Greg Klein | August 8, 2019

With the conclusion of a productive summer field program, additional areas of interest open up at the James Bay-region Corvette-FCI property. A four-person, 23-day campaign discovered a new copper prospect, further explored a gold prospect and found several spodumene-bearing pegmatites, among other showings. Encouraging visual evidence has 92 Resources TSXV:NTY looking forward to assays.

About three-quarters of the program focused on the project’s FCI-East and FCI-West blocks, optioned under a 75% earn-in from Osisko Mining TSX:OSK. The rest targeted 92’s 100%-held Corvette claims. 

92 Resources finds new potential for gold, copper, lithium in northern Quebec

Chalcopyrite mineralization at the Elsass copper
prospect opens a new area of interest for 92 Resources.

Discovered late in the season, the Elsass copper prospect features chalcopyrite mineralization at surface over widths estimated from 40 to 60 metres along a strike of at least a kilometre. Pending lab results for surface samples, the crew could return this fall for further exploration.

The company also awaits assays from the property’s Lac Bruno gold prospect. Finding similar mineralogy up-ice from a boulder field where historic, non-43-101 samples graded between 1 g/t and 38 g/t gold, the crew collected soil samples on the 100%-held Corvette claims.

Apart from precious and base metals, Corvette-FCI shows potential for energy minerals. The summer program found the project’s largest known pegmatite so far. An outcrop about 220 metres long and 20 to 40 metres wide was located about a kilometre southwest along strike of the property’s CV1 and CV2 pegmatites. Lithium-tantalum channel samples released last year from CV1 reached up to 2.28% Li2O and 471 ppm Ta2O5 over six metres. Still to come are this summer’s assays.

The campaign also targeted the Golden Gap prospect at FCI West, where historic results include outcrop samples between 3.1 g/t and 108.9 g/t gold, a drill intercept of 10.5 g/t over seven metres, and a channel sample of 14.5 g/t over two metres.

The summer program also focused on the southern copper trend and other historic mineral showings, 92 reported.

Corvette-FCI sits within the Lac Guyer Greenstone Belt, part of the La Grande Greenstone Belt, about six to 18 kilometres south of the Trans-Taiga Road and powerline.

The company’s Quebec portfolio also includes the Eastman, Lac du Beryl and Pontax properties. Grab samples from the latter graded up to 0.94% Li2O and 520 ppm Ta2O5.

92’s diverse projects extend to British Columbia and the Northwest Territories. In B.C. the company holds the Silver Sands vanadium prospect and, adjacent to Northern Silica’s high-grade Moberly silica mine, the Golden frac sand project. 92 also has a 40% stake in the NWT’s Hidden Lake lithium project, where Far Resources CSE:FAT holds the remainder. All 10 holes of last year’s 1,079-metre drill campaign found grades above 1% Li2O, with one intercept showing 1.6% over 9.2 metres. A mini pilot plant produced 40 kilograms of concentrate grading 6.11% Li2O, with recovery surpassing 80%, from Hidden Lake material.

Update: 92 Resources explores polymetallic potential of Quebec’s James Bay region

July 8th, 2019

by Greg Klein | updated July 8, 2019

Lithium, gold, copper and molybdenum are among the goals of a program now underway at 92 Resources’ (TSXV:NTY) Corvette-FCI project. A four-person crew expects to spend three to four weeks on the property, which consists of 92’s 100%-held Corvette claims as well as the FCI-East and FCI-West turf, optioned under a 75% earn-in from Osisko Mining TSX:OSK. Work will be conducted by Dahrouge Geological Consulting.

92 Resources to explore polymetallic potential of Quebec’s James Bay region

Over a campaign of three to four weeks, 92 Resources hopes to
build on previous success with energy, precious and base metals.

The agenda calls for prospecting along with rock and soil sampling. Among the priorities will be the Golden Gap Prospect at FCI-West, where historic, non-43-101 outcrop samples have graded between 3.1 g/t and 108.9 g/t gold, along with an historic drill intercept of 10.5 g/t over seven metres and a channel sample of 14.5 g/t over two metres.

Past reports of molybdenum occurrences on the area’s southern copper trend will also come under scrutiny.

The Lac Bruno prospect provides another area of interest, where a boulder field produced 13 samples exceeding 1 g/t gold, with one sample hitting 38.1 g/t. Up-ice soil sampling will extend from FCI-East to the boulders’ interpreted source on 92’s wholly owned Corvette claims.

Energy metals also attract interest, as the company’s previous work identified a well-mineralized lithium pegmatite system over a strike extending at least three kilometres on Corvette, with further potential on FCI-East. Lithium-tantalum channel samples released last year from Corvette’s CV1 pegmatite averaged 1.35% Li2O and 109 ppm Ta2O5, reaching as high as 2.28% Li2O and 471 ppm Ta2O5 over six metres. Three other spodumene-bearing pegmatites also show promise.

Located within the Guyer group of the Greater La Grande Greenstone Belt, the property sits about 10 kilometres south of the all-season Trans-Taiga Road and powerline, adjacently south of Midland Exploration’s (TSXV:MD) Mythril copper-gold-molybdenum-silver project and immediately east of Pikwa, a polymetallic project of Azimut Exploration TSXV:AZM and Ressources Québec’s SOQUEM subsidiary.

92’s Quebec portfolio also includes the Pontax, Eastman and Lac du Beryl properties. Grab samples from Pontax have reached up to 0.94% Li2O and 520 ppm Ta2O5.

In British Columbia 92 holds the Silver Sands vanadium prospect and the Golden frac sand project, the latter adjacent to Northern Silica’s high-grade Moberly silica mine and subject of a 43-101 technical report filed by 92 last year.

In the Northwest Territories, the company has a 40% stake in the Hidden Lake lithium project, with Far Resources CSE:FAT holding the remainder. In a 1,079-metre drill program last year, all 10 holes found grades above 1% Li2O, with one intercept showing 1.6% over 9.2 metres. Using Hidden Lake material, a mini pilot plant produced 40 kilograms of concentrate grading 6.11% Li2O with recovery over 80%.

92 Resources to explore polymetallic potential of Quebec’s James Bay region

June 19th, 2019

by Greg Klein | June 19, 2019

Lithium, gold, copper and molybdenum are among the goals of a program that begins next month at 92 Resources’ (TSXV:NTY) Corvette-FCI project. The property consists of 92’s 100%-held Corvette claims as well as the FCI-East and FCI-West turf, optioned under a 75% earn-in from Osisko Mining TSX:OSK. Work will be conducted by Dahrouge Geological Consulting.

92 Resources to explore polymetallic potential of Quebec’s James Bay region

Over a campaign of three to four weeks, 92 Resources hopes to
build on previous success with energy, precious and base metals.

The agenda calls for prospecting along with rock and soil sampling. Among the priorities will be the Golden Gap Prospect at FCI-West, where historic, non-43-101 outcrop samples have graded between 3.1 g/t and 108.9 g/t gold, along with an historic drill intercept of 10.5 g/t over seven metres and a channel sample of 14.5 g/t over two metres.

Past reports of molybdenum occurrences on the area’s southern copper trend will also come under scrutiny.

The Lac Bruno prospect provides another area of interest, where a boulder field produced 13 samples exceeding 1 g/t gold, with one sample hitting 38.1 g/t. Up-ice soil sampling will extend from FCI-East to the boulders’ interpreted source on 92’s wholly owned Corvette claims.

Energy metals also attract interest, as the company’s previous work identified a well-mineralized lithium pegmatite system over a strike extending at least three kilometres on Corvette, with further potential on FCI-East. Lithium-tantalum channel samples released last year from Corvette’s CV1 pegmatite averaged 1.35% Li2O and 109 ppm Ta2O5, reaching as high as 2.28% Li2O and 471 ppm Ta2O5 over six metres. Three other spodumene-bearing pegmatites also show promise.

Located within the Guyer group of the Greater La Grande Greenstone Belt, the property sits about 10 kilometres south of the all-season Trans-Taiga Road and powerline, adjacently south of Midland Exploration’s (TSXV:MD) Mythril copper-gold-molybdenum-silver project and immediately east of Pikwa, a polymetallic project of Azimut Exploration TSXV:AZM and Ressources Québec’s SOQUEM subsidiary.

92’s Quebec portfolio also includes the Pontax, Eastman and Lac du Beryl properties. Grab samples from Pontax have reached up to 0.94% Li2O and 520 ppm Ta2O5.

In British Columbia 92 holds the Silver Sands vanadium prospect and the Golden frac sand project, the latter adjacent to Northern Silica’s high-grade Moberly silica mine and subject of a 43-101 technical report filed by 92 last year.

In the Northwest Territories, the company has a 40% stake in the Hidden Lake lithium project, with Far Resources CSE:FAT holding the remainder. In a 1,079-metre drill program last year, all 10 holes found grades above 1% Li2O, with one intercept showing 1.6% over 9.2 metres. Using Hidden Lake material, a mini pilot plant produced 40 kilograms of concentrate grading 6.11% Li2O with recovery over 80%.

92 Resources increases its Quebec lithium-polymetallic potential with expanded acquisition

April 24th, 2019

by Greg Klein | April 24, 2019

An amended option with “no additional share, cash or work commitment” brings more land and greater prospects in northern Quebec’s James Bay region to 92 Resources TSXV:NTY. A 4,253-hectare increase to a previous 75% earn-in with Osisko Mining TSX:OSK now covers that company’s entire FCI property. Combined with 92’s adjacent and wholly owned Corvette project, the Corvette-FCI property now comprises three contiguous claim blocks in a 14,496-hectare parcel that stretches for over 25 kilometres along the Lac Guyer greenstone belt.

92 Resources increases its Quebec lithium-polymetallic potential with expanded acquisition

Past work at the newly acquired FCI West found 16 showings of base and precious metals along two parallel trends extending over 10 kilometres in length. Historic, non-43-101 assays from FCI West’s Golden Gap prospect included outcrop samples as high as 108.9 g/t gold, a 2003 drill interval of 10.5 g/t gold over seven metres and a channel sample of 14.5 g/t gold over two metres.

FCI West’s Tyrone-T9 prospect includes an historic, non-43-101 channel sample of 1.15% copper over 2.1 metres. Despite high-grade lithium showings at Corvette, FCI West has never been evaluated for the energy metal, the company stated.

Immediately south and west of 92’s new turf sits Azimut Exploration’s (TSXV:AZM) Pikwa property. Adjacently north of FCI West, Midland Exploration’s (TSXV:MD) 2018 field program on the Mythril project found outcrop and boulder samples grading 16.7% copper, 16.8 g/t gold and 3.04% molybdenum. 92 anticipates significant activity by multiple companies along the Lac Guyer greenstone belt this year “as the magnitude of the Mythril-style copper-gold mineralization unfolds.”

Regional infrastructure includes a powerline and the all-season Trans-Taiga Road 10 kilometres north of Corvette-FCI.

This year’s exploration program will follow evaluation of historic data, with work expected to wrap up in summer.

The amended option with Osisko would give 92 the additional claims by satisfying terms of the 75% earn-in on FCI East. That deal calls for an initial million shares, another million shares and $250,000 of work in year one, another $800,000 in year two and a further $1.2 million in year three, while Osisko acts as project operator. At that point the companies would form a 50/50 JV. Another $2 million in expenditures from 92 would raise the company’s stake to 75%. With FCI West now incorporated into that agreement, “no additional share, cash or work commitment is required by the company,” 92 emphasized.

The company retains a 100% interest in Corvette’s 172 claims.

92’s Quebec portfolio also includes the Pontax, Eastman and Lac du Beryl properties. Lithium-tantalum grab samples from Pontax have reached up to 0.94% Li2O and 520 ppm Ta2O5.

In British Columbia 92 holds the Silver Sands vanadium prospect and the Golden frac sand project. In the Northwest Territories, Far Resources CSE:FAT works towards a 90% earn-in on 92’s Hidden Lake lithium project.

92 closed a private placement of $618,000 last December.

Read more about 92 Resources here and here.

Pistol Bay Mining branches out to Nevada with vanadium acquisition

April 10th, 2019

by Greg Klein | April 10, 2019

Despite historic reports of what’s now a sought-after energy metal, this former mining region has never been systematically explored for vanadium. Pistol Bay Mining TSXV:PST hopes to change that by purchasing a new property in Clark County, Nevada.

Pistol Bay Mining branches out to Nevada with vanadium acquisition

Known collectively as the Vanadium Claims Group, the 397-hectare property covers two groups of claims, each about one by 1.6 kilometres hosting former mines and historic reports of vanadium. U.S. Geological Survey info from the 1920s states that one of the former mines shipped 14 tons of material to the American Vanadium Company, although no data on content or grade was available. The USGS also stated that outcrops within the current VCG project showed vanadium mineralization. 

Other occurrences of vanadium mineralization noted by the USGS suggest the potential for district-scale, low-cost exploration, as well as lead-zinc-silver byproduct potential, commented Pistol Bay president/CEO Charles Desjardins.

“We’re very excited about this new project and look forward to getting boots on the ground this month for sampling and other field work,” he said.

The price comes to an initial $15,000 (all amounts in U.S. dollars), $50,000 and eight million shares on TSXV approval and another $100,000 six months later. The vendor retains a 2% royalty, 75% of which Pistol Bay may buy for $1 million.

In northwestern Ontario, the company holds the largest land package in the Confederation Lake greenstone belt. The claims host several historic estimates as well as a 2017 43-101 resource for the Arrow zone. Using a base case 3% zinc-equivalent cutoff, the estimate outlines an inferred category:

  • 2.1 million tonnes averaging 5.78% zinc, 0.72% copper, 19.5 g/t silver and 0.6 g/t gold, for a zinc-equivalent grade of 8.42%

Contained amounts come to:

  • 274 million pounds zinc, 34.3 million pounds copper, 1.33 million ounces silver and 41,000 ounces gold

Results from last year’s three-hole 1,555-metre drill program “confirm the consistent nature of mineralization in the Arrow zone and give us more confidence in the existing mineral resource estimate,” Desjardins stated at the time. Assays reached as high as 5.15% zinc-equivalent over 12.85 metres.

Infographic: Climate Smart Mining and minerals for climate action

March 14th, 2019

sponsored by the World Bank | posted with permission of Visual Capitalist | March 14, 2019

Climate Smart Mining Minerals for climate action

 

Countries are taking steps to decarbonize their economies by using wind, solar and battery technologies, with an end goal of reducing carbon-emitting fossil fuels from the energy mix.

But this global energy transition also has a trade-off: to cut emissions, more minerals are needed.

Therefore, in order for the transition to renewables to be meaningful and to achieve significant reductions in the Earth’s carbon footprint, mining will have to better mitigate its own environmental and social impacts.

Advocates for renewable technology are not walking blindly into a new energy paradigm without understanding these impacts. A policy and regulatory framework can help governments meet their targets, and mitigate and manage the impacts of the next wave of mineral demand to help the communities most affected by mining.

This infographic comes from the World Bank and it highlights this energy transition, how it will create demand for minerals and also the Climate Smart Mining building blocks.

Renewable power and mineral demand

In 2017, the World Bank published The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future, which concluded that to build a lower carbon future there will be a substantial increase in demand for several key minerals and metals to manufacture clean energy technologies.

Wind
Wind power technology has drastically improved its energy output. By 2025, a 300-metre-tall wind turbine could produce about 13 to 15 MW, enough to power a small town. With increased size and energy output comes increased material demand.

A single 3 MW turbine requires:

  • 4.7 tons of copper

  • 335 tons of steel

  • 1,200 tons of concrete

  • 2 tons of rare earth elements

  • 3 tons of aluminum

Solar
In 2017 global renewable capacity was 178 GW, of which 54.5% was solar photo-voltaic technology (PV). By 2023, it’s expected that this capacity will increase to one terawatt with PV accounting for 57.5% of the mix. PV cells require polymers, aluminum, silicon, glass, silver and tin.

Batteries
Everything from your home, your vehicle and your everyday devices will require battery technology to keep them powered and your life on the move.

Lithium, cobalt and nickel are at the centre of battery technology that will see the greatest explosion in demand in the coming energy transition.

Top five minerals for energy technologies

Add it all up, and these new sources of demand will translate into a need for more minerals:

 

  2017 production 2050 demand from energy technology Percentage change (%)
Lithium 43 KT 415 KT 965%
Cobalt 110 KT 644 KT 585%
Graphite 1200 KT 4590 KT 383%
Indium 0.72 KT 1.73 KT 241%
Vanadium 80 KT 138 KT 173%

 

Minimizing mining’s impact with Climate Smart Mining

The World Bank’s Climate Smart Mining (CSM) supports the sustainable extraction and processing of minerals and metals to secure supply for clean energy technologies, while also minimizing the environmental and climate footprints throughout the value chain.

The World Bank has established four building blocks for Climate Smart Mining:

  • Climate change mitigation

  • Climate change adaptation

  • Reducing material impacts

  • Creating market opportunities

Given the foresight into the pending energy revolution, a coordinated global effort early on could give nations a greater chance to mitigate the impacts of mining, avoid haphazard mineral development and contribute to the improvement of living standards in mineral-rich countries.

The World Bank works closely with the United Nations to ensure that Climate Smart Mining policies will support the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

A sustainable future

The potential is there for a low carbon economy, but it’s going to require a concerted global effort and sound policies to help guide responsible mineral development.

The mining industry can deliver the minerals for climate action.

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

92 Resources plans 2019 advancement of Canadian energy metals projects

January 22nd, 2019

by Greg Klein | January 22, 2019

With a portfolio that features lithium projects in Quebec along with vanadium and frac sand properties in British Columbia, 92 Resources TSXV:NTY now has its new year agenda in preparation. Taking precedence will be the FCI claims, a recent acquisition that enhances the company’s adjacent Corvette lithium project in Quebec’s James Bay region.

92 Resources plans 2019 advancement of Canadian energy metals projects

High-grade channel sampling has brought
Corvette’s CV1 pegmatite to the drill-ready stage.

Under a 75% earn-in, 92 has a year one spending commitment of $250,000 on FCI. The company has been reviewing historic data while working with operator Osisko Mining TSX:OSK to plan a surface program for the spring and summer. Following that will be a new field campaign at Corvette to precede the first-ever drill program on the two bordering properties.

Encouraging developments from Corvette last year include channel sampling on the CV1 pegmatite that revealed lithium grading as high as 2.28% Li2O over 6 metres and 1.54% over 8 metres, along with tantalum results. The team discovered two more spodumene-bearing pegmatites that suggest a potentially large mineralizing system along strike and at depth, 92 reported. A substantial staking expansion to Corvette along with the FCI earn-in covers about 15 kilometres of potential strike.

Looking at other possible sources of Quebec lithium, 92 also has field programs planned for the Pontax, Eastman and Lac du Beryl properties. Pontax grab samples have graded up to 0.94% Li2O and 520 ppm Ta2O5.

Additionally, the 2019 agenda calls for surface sampling on the Silver Sands vanadium prospect acquired in B.C. last November. The property features regionally mapped rock units that potentially host vanadium-bearing horizons.

Last year 92 filed a 43-101 technical report for its Golden frac sand project in southern B.C., adjacent to Northern Silica’s high-grade Moberly silica mine.

In the Northwest Territories, 92 holds an interest in the Hidden Lake lithium project, the subject of a maiden drill program last year by Far Resources CSE:FAT. The latter company has completed 60% of a 90% earn-in from 92.

92 closed a private placement of $618,000 in late December.

Read more about 92 Resources.