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Posts tagged ‘strikes’

Week in review

October 5th, 2012

A mining and exploration retrospect for September 29 to October 5, 2012

by Greg Klein

So much for the environmental review

Monday’s news from British Columbia indicates another level of uncertainty has hit the province’s mining sector. Two B.C. cabinet ministers refused an environmental assessment certificate for Pacific Booker Minerals TSXV:BKM, even though the company passed a provincial environmental review. As a result, the half-billion-dollar Morrison copper-gold-molybdenum proposal has been put on hold.

A new development at the provincial level, it does have similarities to a federal decision to reject Taseko Mines’ TSX:TKO Prosperity gold-copper mine proposal for B.C. A November 2010 report from the Canadian Environmental Assessment Authority convinced the federal government to reject the $800-million proposal. The three-member CEAA panel found few significant adverse environmental effects but emphasized significant adverse effects on established native rights, potential rights, potential title, tradition and culture.

Mining and exploration week in review

Now B.C. has taken a comparable approach, although the supposedly “environmental” arguments come from politicians, not the people who conducted the environmental review. In fact the provincial review repeatedly stated that, with successful implementation of mitigation measures and conditions, the Morrison mine is “not likely to have significant adverse effects.”

Nevertheless Derek Sturko, who’s both executive director of B.C.’s Environmental Assessment Office and an associate deputy minister of the environment, seemed to reject his own department’s 270-page report. He suggested instead that the government take a “risk/benefit approach.” Sturko also emphasized strong native opposition and a “moderate to strong prima facie case for aboriginal title.” On that basis, two cabinet ministers representing mining and the environment nixed the proposal.

The decision might be related to the pre-election BC Liberal government’s prevaricating but currently negative stance towards the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline. But the province’s decision, like the federal decision regarding Taseko, also raises the question of whether native rights are handled according to the principle of law or appeasement.

Taseko submitted a revised $1.1-billion New Prosperity proposal to the feds on September 20. On Tuesday Business in Vancouver cited analysts, for some reason speaking anonymously, who said Taseko’s $300-million revision remains viable despite a drop in copper prices. But “with a large question mark as to whether the federal government will approve the project on a second go-round, they’re currently ascribing no value to the project in their target stock prices for the company,” BIV reported.

On Tuesday Pacific Booker Director Erik Tornquist told ResourceClips his company is reviewing its options.

Confiscation without compensation

If miners haven’t given up on B.C., it might be a case of the devil they know. Wednesday’s announcement that the Bolivian government would not provide compensation for nationalizing the Malku Khota Project followed months of uncertainty for South American Silver TSX:SAC. Since 2007, the company had spent over $16 million building a resource of 158 million ounces silver and 1,184 tonnes indium with lead, zinc and copper credits.

The company claimed the support of 43 out of 46 land-owning indigenous groups. SAC blamed illegal artisanal miners and activists from outside the region for intense opposition from the three dissident communities.

But last May, the company said, Mining Minister Mario Virreira signed an agreement with the 43 supportive groups stating that the government will not reverse the mining concession and that the company should continue exploration.

Protests turned violent in June, with one death and several injuries. Later that month seven people were taken hostage, including three drill contractors, two SAC employees, a government prosecutor and a police officer. The final three hostages were released unharmed after 11 days, when the government decreed that it would nationalize Malku Khota.

Reuters quoted a confident-sounding Vice-President Alvaro Garcia saying, “If we have to invest $500 million or $700 million or even $1 billion for a large-scale project at Malku Khota, which benefits Bolivia, the state is prepared and has the capacity to do that.”

At the time he added that government might pay compensation of $2 million or $3 million. Then came Wednesday’s decree. In an Agence France-Presse dispatch printed in the Globe and Mail, Virreira stated, “The nation has no financial obligation to South American Silver.”

By press time South American hadn’t responded. In an August 2 statement Greg Johnson, then the company’s president/CEO, said the company is prepared to go to international arbitration.

But, as Financial Times correspondent Andres Schipani pointed out, “Getting fair compensation, or any for that matter, from Bolivia has proved tricky since 2007. A year after [President Evo] Morales took office, the Andean country pulled out of the World Bank body that conducts arbitration between businesses and governments …”

Schipani noted other troubled nationalizations in Bolivia, including the Colquiri tin mine taken from Glencore in June. The government rationalized the move by saying it could then end disputes between independent and unionized miners. But the conflict flared up again with more violent clashes which shut down operations. On September 14 Reuters quoted Hector Cordova, president of the state-owned mining company, who said, “We’re losing more than $250,000 per day through lost production and this has been going on for two weeks. That means an accumulated loss of almost $4 million.”

Last Sunday the government said it solved the dispute by dividing the mine’s richest vein between the rival groups.

Friends and foes in the Kyrgyz Republic

On Friday three Kyrgyzstan MPs faced criminal charges while political unrest focused on Centerra Gold’s TSX:CG Kumtor Gold Mine. Prosecutors say the three attempted to overthrow the government by leading a mob that stormed the parliament building on Wednesday, Reuters reported. The incident grew out of a protest demanding that Kumtor be nationalized.

Violence has turfed previous Kyrgyzstan governments in 2005 and 2010. Last June a motion to nationalize Kumtor failed to pass parliament but MPs did pass a motion to consider increasing the country’s 33% stake in the Centerra subsidiary that owns the mine, as well as redefining the concession and boosting taxes.

But reassuring news came on Monday when Kyrgyzstan’s new president Zhantoro Satybaldiyev declared, “Kumtor will not be nationalized.” He told Reuters, “Problems will be resolved. I asked [the Kumtor venture] to keep up its output.” He added, “The way they extract gold, it’s really a state-of-the-art job. To be honest, I am jealous of their skills.”

The news agency pointed out, however, that the government had cancelled a televised auction of mining licences on August 28 after protesters stormed the TV studio.

Kumtor produced 583,156 gold ounces in 2011 at $482 an ounce. But in August the company blamed its $54.6-million Q2 loss largely on Kumtor’s “abnormal mining costs.”

Last September Kyrgyzstan ordered Stans Energy Corp TSXV:HRE to suspend drilling at its Kutessay II REE Deposit. According to the company, the government wanted “a firm proposal for the gratuitous transfer of a percentage of ownership” of a company subsidiary to the state. The stop-work order ended as the company met with Satybaldiyev and Economic Minister Temir Sariev.

In a statement issued Monday, Stans quoted Sariev saying, “Our state does not have the necessary financial and technical resources for the development of deposits and we have, so far, no such specialists. Development of the mining industry of our country at this stage is only possible by attracting investment. And the investors will come to our country when they will be confident in the safety of their financial investments.”

South Africa: A tragic outcome from a positive move?

Another striking miner was killed in South Africa Thursday night. On Friday Anglo-American Platinum fired 12,000 strikers. A Reuters dispatch in the Globe and Mail stated, “When rival Impala Platinum fired 17,000 workers in January to squash a union turf war, it led to a six-week stoppage in which three people were killed, the company lost 80,000 ounces in output and platinum prices jumped 21%.”

One disturbing aspect of the crisis is that a generous pay hike in a poor country can cause so much controversy. In last month’s “Lonmin settlement,” the platinum producer raised miners’ wages between 11% and 22%. Nic Borain, described as “an independent political analyst,” told Reuters, “Amplats had been giving signals that it was going to hold the line after Lonmin had folded—but it’s a huge gamble. Someone had to take it on the chin or this would have kept on unravelling and spread through the economy. It’s difficult to know whether this causes the unrest to spread or whether it takes some of the sting out of it. It could go either way.”

Week in review

September 28th, 2012

A mining and exploration retrospect for September 22 to 28, 2012

by Greg Klein

Saskatchewan miners safe after 17-hour ordeal

Widespread relief greeted the news Tuesday evening that 20 miners surfaced safely after 24 hours underground—including 17 hours trapped by a fire.

Smoke spread through PotashCorp’s TSX:POT Rocanville Mine in southeastern Saskatchewan as plastic insulation on coiled electrical cable caught fire just before 2:00 a.m. Tuesday morning. Nine workers made it to surface within minutes but 20 others had to make their way through smoke to refuge stations.

A rescue squad spent nearly 12 hours fighting the fire with water and foam, then waited hours for the mine to cool and ventilate.

All 20 were reported safe at about 6:42 p.m. Tuesday, nearly 17 hours after the fire started and over 24 hours after their shift began. The mine re-opened Wednesday afternoon.

In a statement released Wednesday, President Dave Coles of the Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union said, “The potash industry has seen more than 50 fatalities in Saskatchewan since its inception in the late 1950s.”

Mining and exploration week in review

Last June a backup operator died at the PotashCorp Allan Mine. Two others died in accidents at Agrium’s TSX:AGU Vanscoy Mine in May 2010 and Mosaic’s MOS Esterhazy Mine in November 2009.

Reports suggest this week’s emergency was handled effectively, with the trapped miners waiting out their vigil safely in four well-provisioned refuge stations. Some of the miners recounted their experience to the Globe and Mail. At press time, however, the cause of the fire hadn’t been determined. An internal investigation is underway.

With a market cap of $36.7 billion, PotashCorp says it is the world’s largest potash producer, providing about 20% of global capacity.

Unsettling questions about South Africa

Turmoil continues in South Africa, increasing concerns about how far the labour strife will go. After strike-related violence killed 46 people at Lonmin’s Marikana platinum mine last August the company settled with employees, most of whom returned to work on September 20. But approximately 75,000 others remain on strike at mines operated by other companies, including Anglo-American Platinum (Amplats), Impala Platinum (Implats), AngloGold Ashanti, Gold Fields and Villa Main Reef. An additional 20,000 transport workers have joined the walkouts.

Adding to the tension is rivalry among unions and politicians, including President Jacob Zuma and his arch-foe Julius Malema. The latter talks of nationalizing the country’s mining sector and has encouraged strikers to make the industry “ungovernable.” Zuma counters that the strikes could plunge the country back into recession.

Meanwhile Lonmin’s pay raises, ranging from 11% to 22%, haven’t pacified the situation. On Wednesday Bloomberg quoted SBG Securities gold analyst David Davis, who says, “Workers are now demanding wage increases according to the ‘Lonmin settlement.’” That prompts the despairing question of whether a significant pay hike from one employer can help destabilize poverty-stricken countries.

Riot shuts down Chinese factory city

Last Sunday’s riot at one of China’s sprawling labour camps might indicate deeper problems within the world’s largest consumer of resources. Although details are murky, reports indicate a personal dispute in a Foxconn factory barracks may have lead to security guards beating a worker severely, which then sparked a much bigger confrontation. As of Friday, work was still shut down and the 79,000-person company city was being patrolled by riot-equipped company cops.

As the Sydney Morning Herald explains, “The unrest underscores the social strains of a Chinese export-manufacturing model where thousands of workers, mostly young, work long hours in military-style conditions, sleeping in dormitories and surrounded by security guards.”

Foxconn’s factory cities came to Western attention in 2010 after a wave of suicides at its 300,000-person complex in Shenzhen, China. The company manufactures electronic components for Apple, Nokia, Dell and Sony.

Guess what—Bre-X has no money

That revelation came out in a Calgary courtroom Thursday as bankruptcy trustee Deloitte & Touche applied to have investors’ class action suits dismissed. The infamous gold scam came to light in March 1997, when Bre-X shares plunged faster than a geologist falling from a helicopter.

But University of Calgary Finance Professor Gordon Sick comments on the futility of the lawsuits, asking, “Who else can pay but other shareholders?” As he told the CBC, “Shareholders are essentially suing themselves. The only winner is the lawyer…”

The hearing was adjourned until December 4.

Bean honoured

Gold bugs continue to gain mainstream support. On Tuesday the Financial Post reported Morgan Stanley’s top picks for commodity investments. Gold holds the #1 spot due to “interest rates, risk aversion and strong physical market fundamentals.” The firm’s commodities team likes silver for the same reasons. Among base metals, copper, nickel and, looking further ahead, zinc get good marks. Platinum, however, “lacks safe haven status and has limited investment demand.”

But no metal follows gold into second place. Morgan Stanley reserves that honour for soybeans. “U.S. production continues to get slammed and South American harvest results have also been disappointing,” the FP states. “Meanwhile demand remains high.”

Juniors are the only way to invest in graphite

In an interview published Tuesday by the Gold Report, Industrial Minerals writer Simon Moores points out that Chinese companies and private companies dominate the graphite market. Therefore “juniors are really the only way to participate directly in this market. The non-Chinese major players, like TIMCAL Graphite & Carbon in Canada, are part of larger minerals companies. So when you invest in Imerys, which is the parent company, you’re not investing in an exclusively graphite-focused company. Graphite is only a tiny percentage of its business…. Ultimately, your most direct option is to go for the juniors.”

Moores sees a bright future for graphite, which he attributes to “layers of demand.” The commodity’s new uses don’t replace older uses, so demand keeps growing. “Electric vehicles should be the catalyst for explosive growth in graphite demand,” he adds.

Just what this industry needs

The shortage of skilled mining specialists could reach 50,000 to 100,000 people in the next five years, according to one prediction reported by the Financial Post on Tuesday. Not only that, but the industry needs new types of expertise. The paper quotes Richard Ross, former CEO of Inmet Mining TSX:IMN, who says executive responsibilities are no longer limited to “building and running a mine.” They now include “all the issues around that mine, such as sustainability, government relations, business modeling, strategic planning, etc.”

To address those issues, Ross is now program director for York University’s Global Mining Management studies, a new field for MBA specialization. Additionally Laurentian University has created a School of Mines which will eventually turn out MBAs.

The FP quotes Dave Constable, former VP of FNX Mining (now Quadra FNX Mining TSX:QUX): “You need people with the full integration of skill sets, from capital market and business development to the technical, cultural and environmental aspects of the business.”

And if there’s anything MBAs don’t learn in their theoretical studies, someone can always show them how to do it.

How junior might help the juniors

While industry executives were preparing for the Toronto Resource Investment Conference this week, five minutes of fun called Gangnam Style went viral. The video might have inspired reflection for any CEOs disappointed with offspring pursuing celebrity ambitions instead of the practical world of business. According to a Tuesday Reuters dispatch, Psy’s video helped his father’s software firm double its share price.