Monday 20th November 2017

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Posts tagged ‘spain’

Emerita Resources JVs on Spanish zinc project next to high-grade former mine

October 26th, 2017

by Greg Klein | October 26, 2017

A successful public tender brings Emerita Resources TSXV:EMO an acquisition hosting extensions of an adjacent past-producer characterized as “among the richest zinc mines in the world.” Through a newly formed JV, the company gets a 50% stake in the Plaza Norte project in northern Spain’s Reocin Basin. The neighbouring Reocin mine produced about 62 million tonnes averaging 11% zinc and 1.4% lead up to 2003.

Emerita Resources JVs on Spanish zinc project next to high-grade former mine

The regional government of Cantabria tendered 13,800 hectares of claims that lapsed when Reocin shut down. “Based on a rigorous review of [historic] drilling data, we are confident that we have selected the claims with the highest potential,” said Emerita president/CEO Joaquin Merino. “We are also extremely pleased with the strong support received from the community and government to date.”

Emerita will act as project operator on behalf of JV partner the Aldesa Group, a specialized construction and infrastructure firm with international operations. The tender granted rights to Plaza Norte for three years with an option to renew.

Emerita has been studying historic data from the property since mid-2016, building a database of over 300 holes totalling approximately 73,000 metres. The Plaza Norte claims cover most of the drilling area, including those with high-grade intervals, the company stated. Some examples include 9.72% zinc over 18.96 metres and 7.05% over 8.2 metres. The core was placed under government storage.

The JV will submit exploration plans to the government within four months.

Cantabria infrastructure includes an industrial port and an excellent rail and road network, Emerita added. Glencore operates a zinc smelter about 180 kilometres by road from Plaza Norte.

Regarding its bid on another Spanish project, last month Emerita reported encouraging news about the Paymogo property in Andalusia. After a competing bid was selected, a court ruled the process invalid, ordering bids to be re-assessed. The company expressed confidence that its bid would prevail if the process “eliminates the illegal criteria and leaves the legal criteria as originally scored.”

Paymogo hosts an historic, non-43-101 estimate of 34 million tonnes averaging 0.42% copper, 1.1% lead, 2.3% zinc, 44 g/t silver and 0.8 g/t gold.

In March the company announced progress on another disputed Andalusian tender, this one for the Aznalcollar zinc project.

Earlier this month the company announced conditional TSXV approval for its acquisition of the Salobro zinc project in Brazil. Salobro comes with an historic, non-43-101 estimate of 8.3 million tonnes averaging 7.12% zinc.

In June Emerita announced an option to acquire the Falcon Litio MG project, adjacent to Brazil’s only lithium mine.

Emerita also holds the Sierra Alta gold property in northwestern Spain.

Spanish court decision a positive step for Emerita Resources’ proposed zinc acquisition

September 29th, 2017

by Greg Klein | September 29, 2017

A court ruling bodes well for Emerita Resources’ (TSXV:EMO) bid to acquire a Spanish zinc project with an historic deposit, the company says. In appealing a 2014 decision that awarded the Paymogo property to another bidder, Emerita argued that the process involved procedural errors and lacked impartiality. Now the Upper Court of Andalucia has declared the tender invalid and ordered that the bids be reassessed, the company reported on September 28. Emerita believes that if the reassessment “eliminates the illegal criteria and leaves the legal criteria as originally scored” the company’s bid will be accepted.

Emerita stated it didn’t know when the panel members would reconvene “or how they will approach the reassessment.”

Emerita has an exceptional technical team in Spain and a great depth of experience in delineating and developing these types of zinc deposits and is ready to advance the project quickly should it be awarded the tender.—David Gower,
chairperson of Emerita Resources

The ruling marks “a strong endorsement for the region as a place to conduct business to see that the rule of law is transparently and fairly administered,” said company chairperson David Gower. “Emerita has an exceptional technical team in Spain and a great depth of experience in delineating and developing these types of zinc deposits and is ready to advance the project quickly should it be awarded the tender.”

The company has also disputed Spain’s tender process for the Aznalcollar zinc project. In March Emerita stated that the Seventh Provincial Court of Seville rejected a request to dismiss a criminal case against a competing bidder, the Andalucian government panel responsible for awarding the project and Andalucia’s former director of mines.

Calling the decision a positive step in resolving the Aznalcollar dispute, Emerita CEO Joaquin Merino said the company “strongly believes that it is the only qualified bidder.”

Paymogo consists of two areas about seven kilometres apart that have seen extensive drilling, La Infanta and Romanera. The latter hosts an historic, non-43-101 estimate dating to the 1990s that showed 34 million tonnes averaging 0.42% copper, 1.1% lead, 2.3% zinc, 44 g/t silver and 0.8 g/t gold.

Aznalcollar also has an historic, non-43-101 estimate, this one showing 71 million tonnes averaging 3.86% zinc, 2.18% lead, 0.34% copper and 60 g/t silver.

In July Emerita announced plans to acquire the Salobro zinc project in Brazil, with its historic, non-43-101 estimate of 8.3 million tonnes averaging 7.12% zinc.

The company holds the Sierra Alta gold project in Spain.

Emerita Resources targets high-grade Brazilian zinc project drilled by Vale

July 14th, 2017

by Greg Klein | July 14, 2017

Historic high zinc grades amid regional infrastructure have Emerita Resources TSXV:EMO planning to take on a new acquisition in east-central Brazil. Backed by 40 holes totalling 13,885 metres of drilling, the 1,210-hectare Salobro zinc project in Minas Gerais state comes with an historic, non-43-101 estimate of 8.3 million tonnes averaging 7.12% zinc. One historic intercept graded 10.39% zinc and 2.13% lead over 13.92 metres.

Emerita Resources targets high-grade Brazilian zinc project drilled by Vale

Mineralization occurs in three lenses, all remaining open, the company stated. Emerita has already commissioned a 43-101 technical report.

The project’s mineralization “was delineated by the highly respected technical group of Vale [NYSE:VALE] and remains open for future expansion,” said Emerita chairperson David Gower. “The project is located in an area with excellent infrastructure and a supportive environment for responsible mine development. Emerita has an exceptional technical team in Brazil and is ready to advance the project quickly.”

Local infrastructure includes paved roads, rail, water, power and cell phone reception, the company added.

The deal would resolve a legal dispute over Salobro between Vale and IMS Engenharia Mineral. Under a definitive agreement with Emerita, Vale would withdraw its ownership claim against IMS in return for US$6.5 million over seven years from Emerita, which would also cover Vale’s legal costs of about US$245,000.

Emerita and IMS have signed a binding LOI to create a subsidy to be held 75% by Emerita and 25% by IMS. IMS would then transfer its Salobro rights to the new entity in return for one million Emerita shares. The subsidiary would hold Salobro until Emerita completes its schedule of payments to Vale. Emerita would have the right to acquire the 25% IMS stake for C$2 million and one million shares. Emerita and IMS expect to sign a definitive agreement within 90 days.

Emerita also announced the termination of a non-binding LOI to acquire the Masa Valverde zinc project in Spain. But the company remains committed to another Spanish project, Aznalcollar, which hosts an historic, non-43-101 estimate of 71 million tonnes averaging 3.86% zinc, 2.18% lead, 0.34% copper and 60 ppm silver. The property is subject to a legal dispute in which Emerita alleges another company was wrongfully granted ownership. In an update last March, Emerita said a Seville court “has indicated that this result is highly irregular, inconsistent with the laws and regulations governing public tenders in Spain and further investigations need to be made to determine if there were any criminal acts committed in connection therewith.”

Emerita Resources signs LOI for Spanish zinc project

March 20th, 2017

by Greg Klein | March 20, 2017

Update: On July 14, 2017, Emerita Resources announced that the Masa Valverde LOI had been terminated.

 

Set to resume trading on March 22, Emerita Resources TSXV:EMO has due diligence planned for a VMS property in an infrastructure-rich region of southern Spain. The non-binding letter of intent concerns the 1,400-hectare Masa Valverde zinc project in Andalusia’s Iberian pyrite belt.

Emerita Resources signs LOI for Spanish zinc project

The property “hosts a classic, polymetallic, volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit that is locally enriched in gold and contains zinc-rich massive sulphide zones and a copper-rich zone as is characteristic for VMS deposits,” Emerita stated. “Drilling to date has outlined a sulphide body that is greater than 1,200 metres long and greater than 200 metres wide.” Mineralization remains open, the company added.

Subject to approvals and a 60-day due diligence period, the property would cost Emerita €4.5 million over two years plus a 2.5% NSR. The vendor also retains an offtake option.

Located in a region active in base metals mining, local infrastructure includes paved roads, rail, power, water and ports.

Following a March 10 halt, Emerita resumes trading on March 22.

The company also reiterated its commitment to another Andalusian project, the Aznalcollar zinc-lead-copper project. Emerita’s acquisition of the asset was confirmed in an October court ruling.

Additionally, the company holds the Sierra Alta gold project in northwestern Spain, Las Morras gold project in western Spain and the Falcon Litio MG lithium project in Brazil.

Emerita Resources CEO Joaquin Merino discusses the Sierra Alta project in Spain

August 16th, 2016

…Read more

Emerita Resources’ Spanish gold exploration follows up on high-grade samples

July 21st, 2016

by Greg Klein | July 21, 2016

Mining on the property dates back at least as far as the Romans but there’s evidence of still more gold to come. With that in mind, Emerita Resources TSXV:EMO has begun exploring its Sierra Alta project in the Asturias region of northwestern Spain. The program calls for detailed mapping, bedrock sampling and trenching to determine drill targets on the 2,500-hectare property, the company announced July 21.

Emerita Resources’ Spanish gold exploration follows up on high-grade samples

Emerita Resources brings modern exploration to ancient workings.

Work will initially focus on an area about three kilometres long by 300 metres wide that contains a high density of Roman excavations distributed along a structure that seems to control the mineralization’s distribution, Emerita stated. Historic, non-43-101 data from the 1990s reported bedrock samples as high as 338 grams per tonne and 48.96 g/t gold in an area where soil samples showed strong gold anomalies.

Very limited follow-up work has been done. But later sampling during Emerita’s initial property assessment found grades up to 10.65 g/t.

Another area of gold geochemical anomalies to the south measures about 1.5 kilometres by 200 metres. Part of the Navelgas Gold Belt, Sierra Alta features a geological environment comparable to the El Valle-Boinas and Carles gold mines operating 35 kilometres east. “Gold mineralization in the area typically occurs in high-grade epithermal veins, skarns and as intrusive-related gold deposits,” the company added.

“The combination of modern geochemical anomalies and extensive Roman mining excavations, the largest of which is hundreds of metres in length, combined with high-grade samples in bedrock, make this a very compelling and highly prospective target,” commented CEO Joaquin Merino. “We expect to have initial assay results from the exploration program by mid-August.”

Last month Emerita announced a 100% option on the Falcon Litio MG property in Brazil, 500 metres from the country’s only operating lithium mine. In May the company announced a letter agreement with the Aldesa Group, an international builder of specialized infrastructure, to create a JV to acquire and explore mineral projects.

Emerita closed an oversubscribed private placement of $954,000 in May.

Exploring opportunity

June 17th, 2016

A capacity crowd attends the first annual Vancouver Commodity Forum

by Greg Klein
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A capacity crowd attends the first annual Vancouver Commodity Forum

 

“There’s excitement in the air,” said Cambridge House International founder Joe Martin. That’s the mood he senses as junior explorers emerge from the downturn. And certainly optimism was evident on June 14 as more than 450 people converged on the Vancouver Commodity Forum for an afternoon of expert talks amid a showcase of two dozen companies. Keynote speakers included Martin, Chris Berry of the Disruptive Discoveries Journal, Jon Hykawy of Stormcrow Capital, John Kaiser of Kaiser Research Online and Stephan Bogner of Rockstone Research.

A capacity crowd attends the first annual Vancouver Commodity Forum

Lithium, not surprisingly, stood out as a commodity of interest. While cautioning against over-enthusiasm for the exploration rush, Berry and Hykawy each affirmed the need for juniors to find new sources of the metal. Cobalt and scandium featured prominently too, as did other commodities including what Kaiser called “the weird metals”—lesser known stuff that’s vital to our lives but threatened with security of supply.

Kaiser also noted he was addressing a crowd larger than his last PDAC audience, another indication that “we’ve turned the corner.”

Attendees also met and mingled with company reps. Potential investors learned about a wide gamut of projects aspiring to meet a growing demand for necessities, conveniences and luxuries.

Presented by Zimtu Capital TSXV:ZC, the forum’s success will make it an annual event, said company president Dave Hodge. Berry emceed the conference, holding the unenviable task of “making sure Dave stays well-behaved.”

Read interviews with keynote speakers:

Meet the companies

Most companies were core holdings of Zimtu, a prospect generator that connects explorers with properties and also shares management, technical and financing expertise. Zimtu offers investors participation in a range of commodities and companies, including some at the pre-IPO stage.

After sampling high-grade lithium on its Hidden Lake project in the Northwest Territories earlier this month, 92 Resources TSXV:NTY plans to return in mid-July for a program of mapping, exposing spodumene-bearing pegmatite dykes, and channel sampling. The company closed the final tranche of a private placement totalling $318,836 in April. Hidden Lake’s located near Highway 4, about 40 kilometres from Yellowknife and within the Yellowknife Pegmatite Belt.

With one of the Athabasca Basin’s largest and most prospective exploration portfolios, ALX Uranium TSXV:AL has a number of projects competing for flagship status. Among them is Hook-Carter, which covers extensions of three known conductive trends, one of them hosting the sensational discoveries of Fission Uranium TSX:FCU and NexGen Energy TSXV:NXE. ALX’s strategic partnership with Holystone Energy allows that company to invest up to $750,000 in ALX and retain the right to maintain its ownership level for three years. ALX closed a private placement first tranche of $255,000 last month, amid this year’s busy news flow from a number of the company’s active projects.

A capacity crowd attends the first annual Vancouver Commodity Forum

Arctic Star Exploration TSXV:ADD boasts one of northern Canada’s largest 100%-held diamond exploration portfolios. Among the properties are the drill-ready Stein project in Nunavut and others in the Lac de Gras region that’s the world’s third-largest diamond producer by value. North Arrow Minerals TSXV:NAR holds an option to earn up to 55% of Arctic Star’s Redemption property.

Aurvista Gold TSXV:AVA considers its Douay property one of Quebec’s largest and last undeveloped gold projects. The Abitibi property has resources totalling 238,400 ounces of gold indicated and 2.75 million ounces inferred. Now, with $1.1 million raised last month, the company hopes to increase those numbers through a summer program including 4,000 metres of drilling. Douay’s 2014 PEA used a 5% discount rate to forecast a post-tax NPV of $16.6 million and a post-tax IRR of 40%.

Looking for lithium in Nevada, Belmont Resources TSXV:BEA now has a geophysics crew en route to its Kibby Basin property, which the company believes could potentially host lithium-bearing brines in a similar geological setting to the Clayton Valley, about 65 kilometres south. Results from the gravity survey will help identify targets for direct push drilling and sampling.

A mineral perhaps overlooked in the effort to supply green technologies, zeolite has several environmental applications. Canadian Zeolite TSXV:CNZ holds two projects in southern British Columbia, Sun Group and Bromley Creek, the latter an active quarrying operation.

With a high-grade, near-surface rare earths deposit hosted in minerals that have proven processing, Commerce Resources TSXV:CCE takes its Ashram project in Quebec towards pre-feasibility. The relatively straightforward mineralogy contributes to steady progress in metallurgical studies. Commerce also holds southeastern B.C.’s Blue River tantalum-niobium deposit, which reached PEA in 2011 and a resource update in 2013.

Permitted for construction following a 2014 PEA, Copper North Mining’s (TSXV:COL) Carmacks copper-gold-silver project now undergoes revised PEA studies. The agenda calls for improved economics by creating a new leach and development plan for the south-central Yukon property. In central B.C. the company holds the Thor exploration property, 20 kilometres south of the historic Kemess mine.

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Who gets the multi-billion-dollar shipwreck?

December 7th, 2015

by Greg Klein | December 7, 2015

The December 5 announcement that Colombia may have located history’s greatest sunken treasure brought wide-ranging estimates of gold worth up to $17 billion. An American company called Sea Search Armada says it found the Spanish galleon back in 1981. Spain continues to claim ownership of its ships lost at sea. The United Nations, meanwhile, considers such loot to be cultural artefacts that should be preserved in museums.

Who gets the multi-billion-dollar shipwreck?

A remote-controlled submarine took photos from the wreck
at a secret location in Colombian Caribbean waters.
Photo: Colombian Ministry of Culture

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos suggested the ship was found in a different location than the Sea Search claim, according to an Associated Press story published by the CBC. The exact location remains a state secret, he said.

But a lawyer representing Sea Search told AP, “The government may have been the one to find it but this really just reconfirms what we told them in 1982.”

The company says Colombia gave Sea Search a 35% share in a deal that the government later overturned. While the country claims a court challenge was settled in its favour, “nothing could be further from the truth,” Sea Search managing director Jack Harbeston told CNN.

Meanwhile Spain watches closely. Spanish culture secretary José Maria Lasalle said his country will consider “what action to take in defence of what we consider to be our sunken wealth and in accordance with UNESCO agreements that our country signed,” the Guardian reported.

In a New York Times story about another disputed Spanish galleon christened San José, Ulrike Guérin of UNESCO’s underwater culture program said the organization wants to stop the practice of commercial salvaging, which can damage archeological sites.

“Critics say buried coins and loot should be studied and preserved in a museum, not sported around an investor’s neck,” the NYT stated.

But if the booty’s worth billions, it’s hard to imagine cultural preservation taking priority over profit. And, given the likelihood that at least some of the gold was plundered from natives in the first place, another ownership claim could be pending.

Gold—pricey or priceless?

May 27th, 2015

Ancient Colombian cultures put another perspective on the metal’s precious qualities

by Greg Klein

Gold’s allure, where it exists at all, can manifest itself in different ways. British Columbia natives, for example, remained indifferent to the metal until the arrival of prospectors. Those gold-hungry newcomers, on the other hand, were driven almost entirely by rapacity. But the pre-Conquest indigenous peoples of today’s Colombia saw nothing of value in the metal itself until, converted by metallurgy and craftsmanship, it became an object not only of beauty but of symbolic importance or transformational power.

That’s demonstrated by Allure of Gold, an exhibit within the exhibit called Gold Rush! El Dorado in British Columbia at Victoria’s Royal B.C. Museum. Holding 137 pieces of pre-Hispanic artefacts dating to 500 BC, the display makes its first North American appearance from Bogota’s Museo del Oro. Even now the pieces symbolize the Colombian peoples’ identity, pride and shared past, Museo director Maria Alicia Uribe Villegas told ResourceClips.com.

Ancient Colombian cultures put another perspective on the metal’s precious qualities

This gold pendant, in a style dating between 900 and 1600, would “transform” political or religious leaders into batmen, bestowing such
powers as the ability to fly, see at night and rest upside-down.
(Photo: Museo del Oro)

“These were objects that were produced mainly for display and to build power—political and religious power—by transmitting the properties of the materials,” she explained. People believed the objects asserted status, hosted spirits, or enhanced fertility and the overall quality of life.

According to belief, many objects wielded power to transform the person wearing it into another being. “They could for example acquire the identity of the jaguar, of birds, of bats,” Uribe said. “By wearing the ornament they believed they transformed their body, and by transforming their body they changed their perspective and their identity. So the power of many rulers came from that transformation. They believed that by transforming into a bird, you could fly to other worlds, to other dimensions, to the spiritual dimension, meet the spirits and the gods and ask for things, ask for hunting prey or for rain or things that your group needed.”

Some objects also presented a view of cosmology, she pointed out. “In most of these societies there isn’t this difference between nature and culture. Animals and people were nature and culture at the same time. Animals are also humans, different kinds of humans than people, so the relations between animals and humans were understood as social relations…. When you hunt you have to seduce the prey and you have to give the spiritual owner of the animal a gift in exchange.” Uribe said gold then functioned in “a transactional world,” but in a symbolic sense, not as currency.

Why was gold chosen for such representations? “It’s interesting because it’s a cultural choice,” she replied, noting that B.C. aboriginals knew about gold but didn’t use it. “It’s a wonderful material,” she added. “It’s beautiful for its colour and the shine you can give it, it doesn’t corrode, it lasts forever, and also you can give it the shape you want by hammering it or casting it.”

Although natives north of Mexico didn’t practise metallurgy, those of Colombia produced gold-copper and gold-silver alloys. When silver was used it was normally in the country’s south, which had cultural connections with today’s Peru and Ecuador. Colombians used platinum too. They couldn’t melt it because of the metal’s exceptional resistance to heat but South Americans were “the only people in the ancient world that used platinum.”

Ancient Colombian cultures put another perspective on the metal’s precious qualities

In a style dating between 1 BC and 700 AD, this breastplate would “transform” a chieftain or priest into a jaguar, allowing him to communicate with jaguar spirits and granting him deep respect and obedience. (Photo: Museo del Oro)

Almost all that effort was motivated by symbolism and spirituality, not practicality. But Colombians did make some metal tools for fashioning other metal objects, for example to hammer gold, Uribe noted. They also fashioned metal into needles and fishing hooks. But “those were the only practical tools they made.” Otherwise precious metals were used “for these objects of meaning.”

It’s a wonder that any of it survived the efficiently bloodthirsty business of confiscating the artwork and turning it into bullion. As Matthew Hart wrote about Francisco Pizarro’s 16th century conquest of Peru, “The artistic output of a thousand years vanished into the furnaces. It must be one of the most potent images in history—the transformation of a culture into cash.”

Most of what survived were funerary offerings hidden in tombs. “But the Spanish learned how to identify these tombs and many of them were looted,” Uribe said. Incredibly, ancient artefacts were still being melted as late as the 19th and even 20th century.

Where’s that gold now? You might be wearing some of it. The global gold supply comes from diverse and sometimes ancient sources, one of the museum displays points out. The bling in your ring could come from a Colombian chief or an Egyptian pharaoh.

But some of Colombia’s treasures were preserved by local collectors and European museums. The Museo del Oro’s collection started in 1939, after Colombia’s minister of education prevailed on the country’s national bank, then holding a monopoly on gold ownership, “to keep these objects out of the market, being taken abroad and melted,” Uribe said.

Now all such artefacts belong to the country’s entire population, she explained. A private collector must register with the office of archeological heritage and may ask for tenancy on a privately held collection. But Colombia retains ownership. “You cannot buy it, sell it or even inherit it.”

So while the commodity’s spot price keeps gold bugs guessing, these objects remain priceless.

Allure of Gold appears with Gold Rush! El Dorado in British Columbia at Victoria’s Royal B.C. Museum until October 31.

Read more about the Colombian national collection.

Read more about Gold Rush! El Dorado in British Columbia.

Smart helmet detects gas, sends text messages and self-generates SOS alerts

February 13th, 2014

by Cecilia Jamasmie | February 13, 2014 | Reprinted by permission of MINING.com

The dream of any health and safety manager and probably every mine worker is about to hit the market. A Spanish company is introducing in Chile a mining helmet that incorporates advanced systems of sensors and communication tools to locate missing miners and save lives.

Smart helmet detects gas, sends text messages and self-generates SOS alerts

Image: Presistem

The piece of gear, created by Presistem, comes with—among other features—detection systems for gas, polluted atmosphere and motion. It also includes various communication systems such as warnings by vibration, LED lights, sounds, text messaging, and self-generated SOS alerts. No wonder its creator has named it “Angelhelmet.”

On top of that, it includes an interactive smart control system, which allows users and managers to constantly monitor workers’ integrity and safety.

The smart helmet is already sold in Spain and it will be introduced in Chile next month, creator Darío García told MINING.com. Although he declined commenting on the price tag, he said it would also be available this year in Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Mexico and Poland. He added the company is currently in talks with distributors in Australia, South Africa and Germany.

Reprinted by permission of MINING.com