Thursday 25th April 2019

Resource Clips


Posts tagged ‘ontario’

Canadian Greens surge again as party takes second place in PEI election

April 23rd, 2019

by Greg Klein | April 23, 2019

Press time results (seats at dissolution in parentheses)

  • Progressive Conservatives: 12 seats, 36.5% of the popular vote (8)
  • Greens: 8 seats, 30.6% (2)
  • Liberals: 6 seats, 29.5% (16)
  • New Democrats: 0 seats, 3% (0)
  • Independent: 0 seats, 0.4% (1)
  • (Voting in one district was postponed)

Promoting its use of wind energy, Prince Edward Island likes to call itself “Canada’s Green Province.” On April 23 PEI’s government just missed turning Green itself.

In an historic first for Canada, the home of Confederation voted Greens into second place, following a few years of electoral gains for the once-marginal party in other parts of the country. At press time the popular vote showed Dennis King’s Progressive Conservatives just 6% higher than Peter Bevan-Baker’s Green Party, which came in barely ahead of the incumbent Liberals whose leader Wade MacLauchlan lost his district to a Tory. But the seat count gave PCs 12, Greens eight and Liberals six. That raises the question of who will rule the province, and how. Among the possibilities is a Green-supported minority government, as is the case in British Columbia.

Canadian Greens surge again as party takes second place in PEI election

PCs won more seats but Greens flourished in the
land of Green Gables. (Photo: PEI government)

Voting in one of the province’s 27 districts was postponed following the death of Green candidate Josh Underhay and his six-year-old son in a Good Friday canoeing accident.

The Liberals collapsed after three terms in office despite budget surpluses and avowals that PEI had built Canada’s strongest economy. Still the country’s biggest potato producer, the province’s other main resource industry is fishing. Economic diversification includes an aerospace industry that accounts for 20% of provincial exports and a bioscience sector employing over 1,000 people.

With 27 electoral districts for a population estimated at 154,748, most winning candidates draw well under 1,500 votes. At 5,660 square kilometres, the province holds just over one-sixth the landmass of Vancouver Island.

But the Greens’ performance suggests continuing growth in some parts of Canada. Last October the party took three places each on Vancouver’s council, parks board and school board, along with one each on neighbouring Burnaby’s council and school board. In B.C.’s 2017 provincial election, Greens rose from one MLA to three, a feat matched by New Brunswick Greens last September. Ontario elected its first Green MPP in June.

Southern Vancouver Island hosts Canada’s sole Green MP, as well as the three MLAs who hold the balance of power supporting B.C.’s minority NDP government.

The environmentalist-nationalist Québec Solidaire went from three to 10 seats in October’s Quebec election.

Not surprisingly, however, Greens fared poorly in last week’s Alberta election, where the party polled only 0.4%. Should PEI PCs hold onto government, they’ll join Alberta along with Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick in a bloc of provincial conservative governments.

A referendum asking whether PEI should switch to a mixed-member proportional voting system passed in 15 of 27 districts but failed to reach the 17-district threshold.

Pistol Bay Mining branches out to Nevada with vanadium acquisition

April 10th, 2019

by Greg Klein | April 10, 2019

Despite historic reports of what’s now a sought-after energy metal, this former mining region has never been systematically explored for vanadium. Pistol Bay Mining TSXV:PST hopes to change that by purchasing a new property in Clark County, Nevada.

Pistol Bay Mining branches out to Nevada with vanadium acquisition

Known collectively as the Vanadium Claims Group, the 397-hectare property covers two groups of claims, each about one by 1.6 kilometres hosting former mines and historic reports of vanadium. U.S. Geological Survey info from the 1920s states that one of the former mines shipped 14 tons of material to the American Vanadium Company, although no data on content or grade was available. The USGS also stated that outcrops within the current VCG project showed vanadium mineralization. 

Other occurrences of vanadium mineralization noted by the USGS suggest the potential for district-scale, low-cost exploration, as well as lead-zinc-silver byproduct potential, commented Pistol Bay president/CEO Charles Desjardins.

“We’re very excited about this new project and look forward to getting boots on the ground this month for sampling and other field work,” he said.

The price comes to an initial $15,000 (all amounts in U.S. dollars), $50,000 and eight million shares on TSXV approval and another $100,000 six months later. The vendor retains a 2% royalty, 75% of which Pistol Bay may buy for $1 million.

In northwestern Ontario, the company holds the largest land package in the Confederation Lake greenstone belt. The claims host several historic estimates as well as a 2017 43-101 resource for the Arrow zone. Using a base case 3% zinc-equivalent cutoff, the estimate outlines an inferred category:

  • 2.1 million tonnes averaging 5.78% zinc, 0.72% copper, 19.5 g/t silver and 0.6 g/t gold, for a zinc-equivalent grade of 8.42%

Contained amounts come to:

  • 274 million pounds zinc, 34.3 million pounds copper, 1.33 million ounces silver and 41,000 ounces gold

Results from last year’s three-hole 1,555-metre drill program “confirm the consistent nature of mineralization in the Arrow zone and give us more confidence in the existing mineral resource estimate,” Desjardins stated at the time. Assays reached as high as 5.15% zinc-equivalent over 12.85 metres.

Mining ministers Greg Rickford of Ontario and Bronwyn Eyre of Saskatchewan speak out on Ottawa’s proposed Impact Assessment Act

April 1st, 2019

…Read more

Maureen Jensen of the Ontario Securities Commission comments on $7.5 million awarded to tipsters

March 18th, 2019

…Read more

Carbon tax, Bill C-69 prompt provincial dissent at Ottawa’s PDAC announcement

March 3rd, 2019

by Greg Klein | March 3, 2019

PDAC’s opening day might have seemed like a good time for the feds to express a concern for jobs that transcends SNC-Lavalin. But a hoped-for unanimous show of provincial and territorial support fell apart when Ontario and Saskatchewan objected. As long as the Liberals push their carbon tax and Bill C-69, the two provinces argued, the Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan means little.

Carbon tax, Bill C-69 prompt provincial dissent at Ottawa’s PDAC announcement

Although lacking details, federal Minister of Natural Resources
Amarjeet Sohi promotes the CMMP at PDAC.
(Photo: Natural Resources Canada)

In fact the “plan” remains a notion waiting for substance. Bandied about since an August 2017 meeting of federal, provincial and territorial mining ministers, the CMMP goes to another ministerial conference for further discussion in July. That, says Ottawa, will be “the forum to discuss actions to realize this vision across the six strategic directions.”

In the meantime, the industry has to settle for platitudes on the half-dozen topics: encouraging economic development and competitiveness; increasing native participation; protecting the environment; building science, technology and innovation; benefiting communities; and fostering global leadership.

“Ontario and Saskatchewan agree with some of the elements covered in the CMMP,” said a joint statement from ministers Greg Rickford of Ontario and Bronwyn Eyre of Saskatchewan. But they expressed concern “about how misguided federal policy will stand in the way of progress.”

Ottawa needs to address trade challenges so Saskatchewan uranium and Ontario metals “can access international markets in a transparent, stable and effective fashion,” the ministers stated.

They promised “we will do everything in our power to protect our provinces’ industries from the job-killing carbon tax that the federal government seeks to impose.”

As for the proposed Bill C-69, it “has the potential to use environmental assessments as weapons against future development. This short-sighted approach by the federal government will curb development efforts and prevent major development projects from getting off the ground.

“Until we address these issues that are hurting Canadian families, businesses and the national economy, Ontario and Saskatchewan cannot endorse the CMMP.”

Still, other jurisdictions endorsed the idea. So did the Mining Association of Canada. President/CEO Pierre Gratton praised the CMMP for its six proposed areas of improvement.

Gratton also noted Ottawa’s five-year renewal of the Mineral Exploration Tax Credit, as well as encouraging announcements from Newfoundland and British Columbia. “We look forward to seeing the full implementation of federal, provincial and territorial action plans in the coming months.”

According to federal data, 2017 mineral production totalled about $44 billion. The country produces some 60 minerals and metals at 200 active mines and 7,000 pits and quarries. Mining, exploration and related activities produce 19% of Canada’s domestic exports, 5% of GDP and 634,000 direct and indirect jobs.

Miners and explorers pick their spots in Fraser Institute’s latest report card

February 28th, 2019

by Greg Klein | February 28, 2019

Ontario dropped dramatically but an improved performance by the Northwest Territories and Nunavut helped Canada retain its status as the planet’s most mining-friendly country. That’s the verdict of the Fraser Institute’s Annual Survey of Mining Companies 2018, a study of jurisdictions worldwide. Some 291 mining and exploration people responded to questions on a number of issues, supplying enough info to rank 83 countries, provinces and states.

Canadian and American jurisdictions dominated the most important section, with four spots each on the Investment Attractiveness Index’s top 10. Combined ratings for all Canadian jurisdictions held this country’s place as the miners’ favourite overall.

The IAI rates both geology and government policies. Respondents typically say they base about 40% of their investment decisions on policy factors and about 60% on geology. Here’s the IAI top 10 with the previous year’s numbers in parentheses:

  • 1 Nevada (3)

  • 2 Western Australia (5)

  • 3 Saskatchewan (2)

  • 4 Quebec (6)

  • 5 Alaska (10)

  • 6 Chile (8)

  • 7 Utah (15)

  • 8 Arizona (9)

  • 9 Yukon (13)

  • 10 Northwest Territories (21)

Here are Canada’s IAI rankings:

  • 3 Saskatchewan (2)

  • 4 Quebec (6)

  • 9 Yukon (13)

  • 10 Northwest Territories (21)

  • 11 Newfoundland and Labrador (11)

  • 12 Manitoba (18)

  • 15 Nunavut (26)

  • 18 British Columbia (20)

  • 20 Ontario (7)

  • 30 New Brunswick (30)

  • 51 Alberta (49)

  • 57 Nova Scotia (56)

Despite Ontario’s fall from grace, the province’s policy ratings changed little from last year. Relative to other jurisdictions, however, the province plummeted. Concerns include disputed land claims, as well as uncertainty about protected areas and environmental regulations.

The Policy Perception Index ignored geology to focus on how government treats miners and explorers. Saskatchewan ranked first worldwide, as seen in these Canadian standings:

The evidence is clear—mineral deposits alone are not enough to attract precious commodity investment dollars. A sound regulatory regime coupled with competitive fiscal policies is key to making a jurisdiction attractive in the eyes of mining investors.—Ashley Stedman,
senior policy analyst,
the Fraser Institute

  • 1 Saskatchewan (3)

  • 9 New Brunswick (13)

  • 10 Quebec (9)

  • 11 Nova Scotia (24)

  • 14 Alberta (16)

  • 18 Newfoundland (10)

  • 24 Yukon (22)

  • 30 Ontario (20)

  • 33 Manitoba (27)

  • 42 NWT (42)

  • 44 B.C. (36)

  • 45 Nunavut (44)

The NWT and Nunavut’s indifferent PPI performance suggests greater appreciation of the territories’ geology boosted their IAI rank.

This year’s study included a chapter on exploration permitting, previously the subject of a separate Fraser Institute study. Twenty-two jurisdictions in Canada, the U.S., Australia and Scandinavia were evaluated for time, transparency and certainty. Cumulatively, the six American states did best, with 72% of explorers saying they got permits within six months, compared with 69% for the eight Canadian provinces, 53% for the two Scandinavian countries (Finland and Sweden) and 34% for the six Australian states.

A majority of respondents working in Canada (56%) said permitting waits had grown over the last decade, compared with 52% in Australia, 45% in Scandinavia and 28% in the U.S.

A lack of permitting transparency was cited as an investment deterrent by 48% of respondents working in Australia, 44% in Canada, 33% in Scandinavia and 24% in the U.S.

Eighty-eight percent of explorers working in the U.S. and Scandinavia expressed confidence that they’d eventually get permits, followed by 77% for Australia and 73% for Canada.

Saskatchewan led Canada for timeline certainty, transparency and, with Quebec, confidence that permits would eventually come through.

As for the IAI’s 10 worst, they include Bolivia, despite some recent efforts to encourage development; China, the only east Asian country in the study; and problem-plagued Venezuela.

  • 74 Bolivia (86)

  • 75 La Rioja province, Argentina (80)

  • 76 Dominican Republic (72)

  • 77 Ethiopia (81)

  • 78 China (83)

  • 79 Panama (77)

  • 80 Guatemala (91)

  • 81 Nicaragua (82)

  • 82 Neuquen province, Argentina (57)

  • 83 Venezuela (85)

Explorers made up nearly 52% of survey respondents, producers just over 25%, consulting companies over 16% and others nearly 8%.

“The evidence is clear—mineral deposits alone are not enough to attract precious commodity investment dollars,” said Ashley Stedman, who co-wrote the study with Kenneth P. Green. “A sound regulatory regime coupled with competitive fiscal policies is key to making a jurisdiction attractive in the eyes of mining investors.”

Download the Fraser Institute Annual Survey of Mining Companies 2018.

Republic of Mining commentator Stan Sudol addresses public confusion about First Nations and the Ring of Fire

January 18th, 2019

…Read more

OSC invites suggestions on reducing regulatory red tape

January 17th, 2019

by Greg Klein | January 16, 2019

Some “outdated or unduly burdensome” requirements could be mitigated as the Ontario Securities Commission broadens discussion on reform. By canvassing written comments up to March 1 and scheduling a March 27 roundtable discussion, the OSC hopes to find “short, medium and long-term actions to reduce regulatory burden.”

OSC invites suggestions on reducing regulatory red tape

Some specific topics include:

  • Finding operational or procedural changes to make interaction with the OSC easier or less costly

  • Providing greater certainty on regulatory requirements or outcomes

  • Streamlining or reducing forms and filings

  • Addressing unnecessary or unduly burdensome filings

  • Providing OSC info more efficiently

Respondents can reply via online form by March 1 and also indicate whether they want to take part in the March 27 roundtable. The OSC website will post more info including an agenda and list of participants in the coming weeks.

Following the roundtable, suggestions go to a Burden Reduction Task Force created in November, which will also consider the regulatory regimen from an investor’s perspective. Among issues to be considered is the use of plain language in regulatory disclosure.

“Our markets and businesses are better able to compete, innovate and flourish when we lighten the regulatory load while maintaining strong protections for Ontario investors,” said OSC chairperson/CEO Maureen Jensen.

IBM Canada partner Mark Fawcett comments on Goldcorp’s AI success at Red Lake

January 11th, 2019

…Read more

Infographic: Igniting innovation

January 2nd, 2019

Infographic by Natural Resources Canada | text by Visual Capitalist

Infographic Igniting innovation

 

Canada’s mineral sector is at the forefront of technological innovation. Industry experts, academics, government scientists and engineers generate the innovations to ensure the discovery and development of mineral deposits, and the operation and closure of mines.

These innovations support jobs, communities and businesses and are leading the way in reducing and improving the industry’s environmental impact and providing the necessary minerals to build a sustainable future.

The above infographic comes from the Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan and it draws out the use of technology and innovation at every stage of mining.

Innovation and discovery

The first stage of mining is discovering sources of minerals. It is not easy but with advances in exploration techniques geologists are uncovering the minerals for the future, today.

The future will require uncommon types of mineral deposits, such as chromite and rare earth elements. Canada is host to the Ring of Fire chromite deposits in northern Ontario and several well-advanced REE exploration projects to meet demand.

In order to improve the discovery of these deposits, the mineral sector deploys the latest in technology to improve the chances of making the next discovery. Field equipment such as laser-induced spectrometers detect the composition of minerals while in the field.

However, the majority of mineral discoveries will be deeper in the Earth’s crust. This requires collaborative data to identify patterns in complex geology at depth.

The Canadian government sponsors the Targeted Geoscience Initiative, a comprehensive source for information on ore systems throughout Canada. Geologists will be able to contrast and compare mineral resources across the country to develop new insights into economic deposits.

Mapping and mineral analysis generate large amounts of data and the patterns of ore systems. New deposits are not immediately apparent from this data. Through the application of machine learning and computer processing power, geologists could identify new sources of minerals.

Data will drive this initiative as 3D mapping technology and geophysical modelling provide the inputs to uncover ore deposits. These technologies can also lead to more efficient and effective mineral exploration and could extend the life of currently operating mines by identifying new zones for mining.

Finding the resources is the first step. The next is mining.

Innovation for productivity

Once a mine is built on top of an economic deposit, it is time to start moving the rocks.

Using alternative energy such as hydrogen fuel cells and battery-powered vehicles could reduce greenhouse gases of an underground mine by up to 25%.

The knock-on effects go beyond reducing the mineral sector’s carbon footprint, but alternative energy offers cost and productivity savings, as well as improved workers’ health.

Once equipment brings the ore to the mill, it is sorted using high-pulse microwave technologies and sensors that can improve crushing and milling.

Extracting minerals through comminution (the process of crushing or grinding rock into smaller pieces) is the most energy-intensive stage of the mining process. Up to 53% of a mine site’s electricity consumption is due to crushing and milling.

Technological innovation in mine management is not limited to the underground or the earth’s surface. GPS satellites will connect and monitor the mine of the future.

High-accuracy GPS can vastly improve mining safety, productivity, efficiency and environmental management by enabling increasingly precise and automated operations.

Areas that will benefit from GPS will include:

  • Road maintenance

  • Drill guidance

  • Surveying

  • Fleet management

  • Autonomous vehicles

Efficient management of mines during operation will improve the restoration of the ecosystem after mining ends.

Innovation for sustainability and resilience

Mining temporarily changes its surrounding environment but its products supply the critical material for a sustainable future. Innovation and technology will provide the greatest benefits to Earth’s other valuable natural resources, its water, land and communities, by minimizing impact.

Water is crucial to mining and is required at every step of the process. Mining operations deploy successful water recycling to minimize usage and the release of potentially contaminated water to the environment.

Canadian mines generate between 200 and 250 million tonnes of tailings waste annually. New mining techniques can extract and recycle valuable minerals from these tailings.

The critical and final stage of mining is ecosystem restoration. Returning the environment of a mine site to its natural state will help build resilience to the effects of climate change.

Industry experts and academia regularly collaborate to develop and update the best practice guidelines to maintain and monitor the high environmental standards all Canadians benefit from.

Coming full circle

At every stage of the life of a mine, innovation will improve mining’s environmental and economic footprint to deliver tangible benefits to all Canadians.

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

Read more about Natural Resources Canada’s Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan.