Thursday 4th June 2020

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Posts tagged ‘ghana’

Crisis response

April 3rd, 2020

A look at mining, exploration, infrastructure and supply chains under the pandemic

by Greg Klein | April 3, 2020

A look at mining, exploration, infrastructure and supply chains

 

Idled explorers: Can you help?

“Essential supplies and personnel are needed to create and operate temporary facilities for testing, triage, housing and isolation areas for vulnerable populations,” states the Association for Mineral Exploration. “As mineral explorers, we have access to the supplies needed and are in a unique position to help.”

AME calls on the industry to contribute excess capacity of the following:

  • Insulated structures (both hard and soft wall)

  • Camp gear such as furniture, lighting and kitchen appliances

  • Medical equipment

  • Camp support personnel such as caterers, housekeepers, janitors, etc.

  • Available medical staff including such qualifications as OFA3s, paramedics, RNs, etc.

  • Other supplies or skills

If you can help, please fill out this form and AME will be in touch. 

For further information contact Savannah Nadeau.

Preparing for a wider emergency

Given the danger of one crisis triggering others, essential infrastructure remains at risk. One plan to safeguard Ontario’s electricity service would require Toronto workers to bunk down in employer-supplied accommodation under lockdown conditions better known to isolated locations.

A look at mining, exploration, infrastructure and supply chains

Quarantines might require essential
services to provide job-site bed and board.
(Photo: Independent Electricity System Operator)

It hasn’t happened yet, but the province’s Independent Electricity System Operator stands ready for the possibility, according to a Canadian Press story published by the Globe and Mail. A not-for-profit agency established by the province, the IESO co-ordinates Ontario electricity supply to meet demand.

About 90% of its staff now work at home but another 48 employees must still come into work, CEO Peter Gregg said. Eight six-person teams now undergo 12-hour shifts in two Toronto-area control rooms.

“Should it become necessary, he said, bed, food and other on-site arrangements have been made to allow the operators to stay at their workplaces as a similar agency in New York has done,” CP reported.

Similar plans may well be underway not only for essential infrastructure but also for essential production, processing, manufacturing, communications, transportation and trade. One sign of the times to come could be locked-down camps in supermarket parking lots for our under-appreciated retail-sector heroes.

Meanwhile, retaining and protecting care-home staff already constitute a crisis within a crisis.

Australia guards against predatory foreign takeovers

With China prominently in mind, Australia has taken extra measures to protect companies and projects shattered by the COVID-19 economy. Canberra has temporarily granted its Foreign Investment Review Board extra powers to guard distressed companies and assets against acquisitions by opportunistic foreigners. Although previous foreign acquisitions came under review only when the price passed certain thresholds, now all such transactions get FIRB scrutiny.

The changes follow concerns raised by MPs on Australia’s intelligence and security committee. The Sydney Morning Herald quoted committee chairperson Andrew Hastie warning of “foreign state-owned enterprises working contrary to our national interest. More than ever, we need to protect ourselves from geo-strategic moves masquerading as legitimate business.”

Committee member Tim Wilson added, “We can’t allow foreign state-owned enterprises and their business fronts to use COVID-19’s economic carnage as a gateway to swoop distressed businesses and assets.”

Among protected assets are exploration and mining projects, utilities, infrastructure and an interest of 20% or more in a company or business.

Critical minerals become ever more critical

As Lynas Corp extended the suspension of its rare earths processing facility in line with Malaysian government pandemic orders, the company noted the importance of its products “in permanent magnets used in medical devices including ventilators, and in lanthanum products used in oil refineries for petroleum production.”

A look at mining, exploration, infrastructure and supply chains

The suspension of its Malaysian plant prompted
Lynas to emphasize REs’ criticality to virus treatment.
(Photo: Lynas Corp)

Originally set to expire on March 31, the government order currently stays in force until April 14. RE extraction continues at Lynas’ Mount Weld mine in Western Australia.

In late February Malaysia granted the company a three-year licence renewal for the processing facility, which had been threatened with closure due to controversy about its low-level radioactive tailings. Among conditions for the renewal are development of a permanent disposal facility for existing waste and putting a cracking and leaching plant in operation outside Malaysia by July 2023 to end the practice of transporting radioactive material to the country.

Committed to maintaining a non-Chinese supply chain, the company plans to locate the C&L plant in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.

Sharing the disease, hoarding the treatment

A problem recognized in American defence procurement has hit health care—the need to build non-Chinese supply chains. Most of the world’s ventilators and about half the masks are manufactured in China, points out a recent column by Terry Glavin.

The West is learning, finally and the hard way, “that thriving liberal democracies cannot co-exist for long within a model of neo-liberal globalization that admits into its embrace such a tyrannical state-capitalist monstrosity as the People’s Republic of China.”

The U.S., for example, relies heavily on China for antibiotics, painkillers, surgical gowns, equipment that measures blood oxygen levels and magnetic resonance imaging scanners. China effectively banned medical equipment exports as soon as Wuhan went on lockdown, Glavin adds.

“It probably didn’t help that Ottawa sent 16,000 tonnes of gear to China back in February. That was a lot of gear—1,101 masks, 50,118 face shields, 36,425 medical coveralls, 200,000 pairs of gloves and so on—but a drop in Beijing’s bucket. A New York Times investigation last month found that China had imported 56 million respirators and masks, just in the first week of the Wuhan shutdown.

“It is not known how much of that cargo came from the massive bulk-buying campaign organized and carried out across Canada by affiliates of the United Front Work Department, the overseas propaganda and influence-peddling arm of the Chinese Communist Party.”

A look at mining, exploration, infrastructure and supply chains

Desperate need for health care supplies
pits country against country. (Photo: 3M)

Nor does the non-Chinese world display altruism. In response to the crisis, the EU and more than 50 countries have either banned or restricted exports of medical equipment, Glavin states.

By April 3 global health care products supplier 3M revealed that Washington asked the company to stop exporting U.S.-manufactured N95 respirators to Canada and Latin America. 3M noted “significant humanitarian implications” but also the possibility of trade retaliation. “If that were to occur, the net number of respirators being made available to the United States would actually decrease.”

The company did win China’s permission to import 10 million of its own Chinese-manufactured N95s into the U.S.

Meanwhile the Canadian government comes under increasing criticism for discouraging the public from wearing masks.

Chinese supply chains also jeopardized by Chinese disease

As the world’s main exporter of manufactured goods, China’s the main importer of raw materials, especially metals. But, as the world’s main exporter of disease, China managed to threaten its own supplies.

Reuters columnist Andy Home outlined lockdown-imposed cutbacks of copper, zinc and lead from Chile and Peru, and chrome from South Africa; reductions in cobalt from the Democratic Republic of Congo, in tin from already depleting Myanmar, and in nickel from the Philippines, the latter a hoped-for replacement after Indonesia banned unprocessed exports.

The longer the lockdowns, “the greater the potential for supply chain disruption,” Home comments. “As the biggest buyer of metallic raw materials, this is a ticking time-bomb for China’s metals producers.”

Miners’ providence unevenly distributed

Probably no other foreign shutdowns have affected as many Canadian miners and explorers as that of Mexico. Considered non-essential, their work will be suspended until April 30, with extensions more than likely. Mexico’s announcement must have sounded familiar to Pan American Silver TSX:PAAS, which had already pressed the pause button to comply with national quarantines in Peru, Argentina and Bolivia. That currently limits the company’s mining to Timmins, where production has been reduced by about 10% to 20% to allow physical distancing.

A look at mining, exploration, infrastructure and supply chains

Mauritania exempted Kinross Gold’s Tasiast mine
from domestic travel restrictions. (Photo: Kinross Gold)

One company more favourably located, so far, is Kinross Gold TSX:K. As of April 1, operations continued at its seven mines in Nevada, Alaska, Brazil, Mauritania, Russia and Ghana, while work went on at its four non-producing projects in Alaska, Mauritania, Russia and Chile.

Expanded shutdowns ordered by Ontario on April 3 include many construction and industrial projects but exempt mining. Earlier that day New Gold TSX:NGD announced Rainy River’s restart after a two-week suspension to allow self-isolation among employees. Many of the mine’s workers live locally and made short trips into Minnesota before the border closed.

Quebec border restrictions have hindered the Ontario operations of Kirkland Lake Gold TSX:KL, cutting off a source of employees and contractors. As a result the company reduced production at its Macassa mine and suspended work at its Holt complex, comprising three gold mines and a mill. Kirkland reduced operations at its Detour Lake mine effective March 23, after a worker showed COVID-19 symptoms and self-isolated on March 14. He tested positive on March 26. Production continues at the company’s Fosterville mine in Australia.

Some explorers have been idled by government restrictions, others by market conditions. Still, some companies have money and jurisdictions in which to spend it. Liberty Gold TSX:LGD, for example, resumed drilling its Black Pine gold project in Idaho on March 31.

Some jurisdictions, like B.C. and New Brunswick, have extended work requirement deadlines to help companies keep exploration claims active.

“China needs to be held responsible”

A few Canadian journalists are saying what we might never hear from our politicians. Here, for example, is Toronto Sun columnist Lorrie Goldstein:

“China needs to be held responsible. The problem is, because of its political power— and you see it in the World Health Organization announcements, in Canadian announcements—they’ve been praising what China did. There would have been a virus anyway. China made it worse. More people are dying, more people are being infected, and its dictators need to be held to account.”

Gold industry injected $210 billion into global economy last year

October 8th, 2013

by Cecilia Jamasmie | October 8, 2013 | Reprinted by permission of Mining.com

While the gold industry hasn’t had the chance to shine bright this year, a study published Tuesday reveals the sector contributed more than US$210 billion to the world’s economy in 2012, pretty much equivalent to the GDP of Ireland, the Czech Republic or Beijing.

The independent report by economists at PwC, commissioned by the World Gold Council, is the first to take into account the entire value chain from large-scale mining supply to consumer demand with the goal of quantifying how the precious metal contributes to local and global economic development.

To date, research of this kind has typically been confined to examining the value created by a particular project, event or company in a specific market segment or country.

Terry Heymann, director of the gold for development program at the World Gold Council, said the total economic contribution of gold is likely to be considerably greater than this study of large-scale gold mining indicates, if all global gold mining activity were able to be included.

Consumer demand

Consumer demand for physical gold—mainly in the form of jewellery, coins and small bars—contributed close to $110 billion to the global economy last year, shows the study.

Another key finding was the significance of gold mining to the economies of developing nations. Large-scale gold mining alone, says the study, made a contribution of over $78 billion to the economies of the top 15 mining countries last year, having the greatest impact in developing countries such as Papua New Guinea (15% of GDP), Ghana (8% of GDP) and Tanzania (6% of GDP).

Since early this year, however, gold miners have been seriously hit by weak gold prices, write-downs and blowout project costs, strikes and market speculation about the U.S. monetary stimulus.

Click image to enlarge.

Reprinted by permission of Mining.com

Five reasons China is coming to buy your gold mine

August 21st, 2013

by Frik Els | August 21, 2013 | Reprinted by permission of Mining.com

Chinese producers are aggressively looking at picking up gold companies and mines elsewhere as domestic demand reaches record highs.

Takeovers and asset purchases by Hong Kong and mainland miners increased to a record $2.2 billion in 2013 according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Five reasons China is coming to buy your gold mine

Chinese companies like Zijin Mining Group and Zhaojin Mining Industry Co are in a good position to take a bite out of struggling North American and European-based producers because:

Chinese gold demand is soaring and at 1,000 tonnes will overtake Indian purchases this year, but domestic deposits are less than 5% of the global total.

Targets are cheap—the S&P/TSX Global Gold Index of the globe’s 49 biggest gold companies are down 31% this year alone.

Domestic Chinese producers enjoy some of the lowest cash costs—Zhaojin manages $549 an ounce, compared with a global average of $831.

Chinese and Hong Kong companies have access to cheap capital—Zijin got $4.9 billion in soft loans from a state bank for M&A.

The majors are actively looking to sell as debt levels increase and high-cost mines are mothballed—Barrick Gold TSX:ABX could dump as many as 12 of its mines.

Possible targets include:

While these companies are looking to get rid of a number of mines:

See also: $45bn and counting: China’s foreign mining misadventures

Reprinted by permission of Mining.com

To Africa and back

January 2nd, 2013

Wesdome, African Queen and SLAM release gold results from Quebec, Kenya and New Brunswick

by Greg Klein

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Wesdome Gold Mines TSX:WDO began the New Year by releasing gold assays from its Kiena Mine in Val-d’Or, Quebec. The company stated that underground exploration drilling demonstrates continuity of the mine’s S-50 (South Zone) mineralized system southeast and at depth.

Intercepts were provided as estimated true widths. Grades were cut to 34.28 grams per tonne. Highlights include:

  • 8.6 grams per tonne gold over 7.3 metres
  • 3.38 g/t over 10.7 metres
  • (including 6.61 g/t over 2.2 metres)
  • 3.82 g/t over 8.78 metres
  • 34.28 g/t over 0.85 metres
  • 3.72 g/t over 6.75 metres
  • 2.83 g/t over 5.42 metres
  • 11.4 g/t over 1.07 metres
  • 8.86 g/t over 1.53 metres.
Wesdome’s Kiena Complex produced an estimated 20,000 gold ounces in 2012.

Wesdome’s Kiena Complex produced
an estimated 20,000 gold ounces in 2012.

One of Wesdome’s three operating gold mines, Kiena’s 2012 production is estimated at 20,000 ounces. The company expects another 20,000 ounces from its Eagle River operation and 10,000 ounces from the Mishi open pit, both near Wawa in central Ontario. As of December, Wesdome’s year-to-date cash flow was $10.5 million.

Wesdome opened January 2 at $0.87, two cents above the previous close. The stock nudged a day’s high of $0.90 before returning to an 87-cent close.

More January 2 gold results came from African Queen Mines’ TSXV:AQ Odundu Property, part of its Rongo Gold Fields Project in Kenya. The company stated that initial drill and trenching results indicate extensive, low-grade near-surface mineralization.

True widths weren’t provided for the drill results. One intercept began at a down-hole depth of 27 metres, while the furthest stopped at 171 metres. Drill assays include:

  • 1.03 grams per tonne gold over 26.35 metres

  • (including 5.27 g/t over 0.6 metres)
  • (including 2.87 g/t over 2.87 metres)
  • 1.17 g/t over 12 metres
  • (including 2.97 g/t over 2 metres)
  • 1.08 g/t over 11 metres
  • (including 5.96 g/t over 0.6 metres)
  • 0.89 g/t over 10 metres
  • 1.45 g/t over 5.16 metres
  • (including 3.21 g/t over 0.8 metres)
  • (including 2.31 g/t over 0.93 metres).

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Week in review

December 14th, 2012

A mining and exploration retrospect for December 8 to 14, 2012

by Greg Klein

Next Page 1 | 2

U.S. politicians ponder windfall royalties

The United States has joined the list of countries considering additional ways to mine miners, according to a Wednesday Reuters story. Some American politicians are talking about royalties as high as 12.5%, the same benchmark applied to certain other resources, including oil and gas.

Reuters said the proposal would get about $700 million during the lifespan of Freeport-McMoRan’s copper-molybdenum operations in Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico. Last year alone, the royalty could have taken $150 million from Barrick’s TSX:ABX Goldstrike mine in Nevada, according to Reuters’ figures. Barrick told the news agency the company’s taxes have already jumped four-fold over five years.

Democrat Representative Raul Grijalva, a proponent of the 12.5% levy, sees it differently. “As we face these fiscal challenges, these are the pennies that we should pinch,” Reuters quoted him. Along with some other U.S. federal politicians, Grijalva also wants to review miners’ tax breaks.

Previous attempts to raise miners’ taxes have failed, Reuters stated, “as the industry has strong political allies.” The story added that “state and local governments often catch a windfall from mining revenue.”

Ivory Coast hikes taxes but overestimates profits, miner says

A mining and exploration retrospect

A new tax on Ivory Coast gold extraction underestimates cash costs by nearly 50%, according to at least one source. New legislation that applies to 2012 production assumes cash costs of $615 an ounce, Reuters stated on Friday. The tax on “profits” above that amount will fluctuate with the yellow metal’s price. At $1,600, that comes to 17%. The rate will be lower for companies that pay the country a corporate tax, the news agency added. Randgold Resources CEO Mark Bristow called the new levy, expected to raise $79.8 million, a “punitive tax,” Reuters said.

In a December 7 Bloomberg report, Endeavour Mining TSX:EDV spokesperson Nouho Kone said Ivory Coast gold production can actually cost between $1,000 and $1,200 an ounce. “The worst-case scenario would be to see companies shut down their mines in the short term,” he told Bloomberg. Reuters stated that Perseus Mining TSX:PRU put its $160-million Sissingue project on hold last September “pending clarification of the fiscal regime applicable to the project.”

Maybe Ghana too

Ghanaian President John Dramani Mahama’s re-election brings to mind his previous effort to impose a 10% tax on windfall profits, Monday’s Financial Post reported.

The government had already raised miners’ corporate taxes from 25% to 35% and imposed “a uniform regime for capital allowance of 20% for five years of mining,” the FP stated. But the government’s intended windfall tax had been shelved due to industry pressure, according to a Wednesday Reuters dispatch.

Reuters added that government discussions with gold miners are underway “to loosen up so-called ‘stability agreements’ held by some firms that lock in royalty and tax rates.” This year Ghana raised gold royalties from 3% to 5%, but the stability agreement exempted companies like AngloGold Ashanti and Newmont Mining TSX:NMC, the news agency stated.

Unions lose bid to block foreign workers from staffing B.C. mine

HD Mining International called it a “massive victory,” the Globe and Mail reported Friday. A federal court judge has allowed the company to import Chinese workers for its proposed Murray River coal mine in British Columbia. Two unions had applied for an injunction blocking the work permits after learning that HD Mining planned to staff its underground operation exclusively with Chinese workers—which would total over 400 at full production.

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Week in review

November 2nd, 2012

A mining and exploration retrospect for October 27 to November 2, 2012

by Greg Klein

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No one ever said mining’s risk-free

A Chinese gang leader has been sentenced to death for illegal mining and a number of assaults. A story covered by China Daily and Industrial Minerals on Wednesday reported that Pan Guangjuan and his gang had been running a rare earths operation in Guangdong province from November 2011 to February 2012. On conviction he was also fined $24,000 and deprived of his political rights for life. The death sentence comes with a two-year reprieve.

Other countries have been cracking down too—not only on illegal mining, but illegal mining by Chinese. On Monday prosecutors in the Philippines dropped charges against two Chinese after police and military raided gold dredging operations. According to Reuters, small-scale gold mining, legal and illegal, is widespread in the Philippines but up to 90% of production is smuggled to China via Hong Kong.

A mining and exploration retrospect

In Ghana over 90 Chinese were arrested last month during a crackdown in which a teenage boy died, the Financial Times reported. A previous Ghanaian raid on illegal miners resulted in 38 Chinese being deported last September. Chinese are playing an increasing role in illegal mining in Ghana, partly because of their access to Chinese dredging equipment, the FT stated. The story quoted an official for the Ghana Chamber of Mines, who said, “There are environmental issues, poor working conditions and child labour problems because they use Ghanaian children. They pay them whatever they want, and there are no contracts or safety standards.”

Another government official quoted by the FT said, “Most of these Chinese illegal miners are heavily armed and shoot at anyone that gets near them.”

Are gold reserves lent out, sold short or stored safely?

Over 60 countries store gold in underground vaults at New York’s Federal Reserve Bank. Now a GATA-esque movement is growing in the country that is, theoretically, the world’s second-largest gold owner. On Tuesday Spiegel reported that a member of Germany’s governing coalition, Peter Gauweiler, has finally found limited success in his long campaign to repatriate his country’s gold. The Frankfurt-based central bank will bring home 150 tons of gold over three years for inspection. The Bundesbank also plans to count and weigh the gold bars stored in New York.

The move responds to a damning indictment from Germany’s Federal Audit Office, which criticized the Fed for refusing access to German auditors. Hardly reassured by the planned audit, politician Heinz-Peter Haustein told media that “all the gold has to be shipped back,” Spiegel reported.

Not surprisingly, the Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee was all over the story this week. An article by Lars Schall covered a Thursday speech given by Bundesbank executive Andreas Dombret. He told his New York audience that Germany’s “bizarre public discussion” will soon pass.

“We are confident that our gold is in safe hands with you,” Schall quoted him. “The days in which Hollywood Germans such as Gert Frobe, better known as Goldfinger, and East German terrorist Simon Gruber masterminded gold heists in U.S. vaults are long gone. Nobody can seriously imagine scenarios like these, which are reminiscent of a James Bond movie with Goldfinger playing the role of a U.S. Fed accounting clerk.”

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Rich And Stable

April 20th, 2012

Abzu Has Two Potentially Big Gold Properties in Ghana

By Ted Niles

Investor opinion is divided on West Africa. On the one hand, it is a place of extraordinary mineral potential; on the other, it is a region with a high level of geopolitical risk. The March 22 coup by Mali’s military is only the latest example. But Peter Klipfel, President of Abzu Gold Ltd TSXV:ABS, has reason to believe that Mali is the exception in the region and that neighbouring Ghana is both rich in minerals and politically secure.

“For the last 15 years now, Ghana has had a very stable government and parliamentary process,” Klipfel reports. “You have an emerging middle class that has expectations of its country and society. They are an entrepreneurial bunch. And for the most part, what you see is a legitimate and fair rule of law and order. If there ever was an issue, I take faith in the fact that it would go a lot better than it might if you were somewhere like Venezuela.”

Abzu Has Two Potentially Big Gold Properties in Ghana

Klipfel is not alone in this opinion, for Ghana, Africa’s second-largest gold producer, is not short of players. The country has seen a steady influx of juniors over the last decade, and majors active there include Gold Fields, AngloGold Ashanti, Kinross TSX:K and Newmont TSX:NMC. “If you look at Newmont,” Klipfel says, “they see the end coming someday for their Carlin Trend and some of their other deposits. For 10 years now, they’ve been pumping money into their Ahafo Project with the expectation that it is going to be their company maker in the future. That they’ll keep the company going strong from Ghana is, to me, a huge vote of confidence both in the country and its politics.”

Confidence that Abzu hopes to translate into success of its own. Abzu‘s properties in Ghana fall into two categories: concessions that it owns exclusively (six) and those that it holds in joint venture with Kinross Gold TSX:K (10). Of the 16, it has selected two for its flagship operations: Nangodi and Asafo, both highway-adjacent and with access to power and water.

The 142-square-kilometre Nangodi concession is located in the country’s north, on the Bole-Nangodi Belt—also host to Endeavour Mining’s TSX:EDV Youga Mine in Burkina Faso. An historical producer, Nangodi was acquired by Kinross when it bought out Red Back Mining in 2010. Abzu is currently earning a 51% interest in the property by spending $3 million over three years. “When we first picked up [Nangodi], it had the lowest hanging fruit available in terms of past work,” Klipfel says. “[It was] something we could sink our teeth into—get drill rigs going on and come up with what we thought would be good results.”

And that they’ve done. In 2011, the company undertook a 27-hole drill campaign, expanding on the 31 holes drilled in the 1990s by Australian miner Africwest Gold. Assays announced December 1, 2011, include

  • 1.91 grams per tonne gold over 44 metres (including 4.75 g/t over 15 metres)
  • 1.15 g/t over 73 metres (including 7.9 g/t over 4 metres)
  • 3.06 g/t over 10.7 metres
  • 1.99 g/t over 44.5 metres
  • 2.25 g/t over 24 metres
  • 1.61 g/t over 16 metres
  • 1.53 g/t over 66 metres (including 4.65 g/t over 15 metres)
  • 17.93 g/t over 3 metres
  • 41.6 g/t over 1 metre
  • 1 g/t over 12 metres

Klipfel comments, “We’ve expanded on the area that [Africwest] drilled and taken it from about a 600-metre zone to 1.2 kilometres—about 60-metres wide and drilled at a depth of 200 metres. Mineralization there is the sort that will go to great depths, like many of the other vein deposits in Ghana.”

The company believes that the deposit has “multimillion-ounce” potential. Klipfel explains, “You put a box around what we’ve defined so far—1,000 metres by 50 metres by 200 metres—at the grades we’re seeing, and that would give you two million ounces right there. That, of course, is our hope.” Ground geophysics and trenching work are ongoing at the site, and a minimum of 5,000 metres of drilling is planned to begin in June. An NI 43-101 resource estimate for Nangodi is expected to be released in 4Q.

Klipfel says that the company’s relationship with Kinross is good. “We’ve kept them apprised of things, and they’re happy with the work we’ve done. We’ve already exceeded the first-year expenditure [ie, $500,000], and we’re only eight months into the deal.”

Abzu‘s other flagship property—the 152-square-kilometre, 100%-owned Ahafo concession—is located in Ghana’s south on the eastern edge of the Kibi Belt. While not one of the company’s Kinross joint ventures, it too has a pedigree in that it was acquired and explored by Newmont in the early 2000s. On the basis of Newmont‘s work, plus their own geophysical work, Abzu determined three targets. A 13-hole drill program on the first of those targets returned October 20, 2011, assays including

We undertook 10,000-plus metres of drilling on four different campaigns in seven months last year. We went from blank pieces of paper to two flagship-level projects with multimillion-ounce potential —Peter Klipfel

  • 0.67 g/t over 20 metres
  • 4.08 g/t over 1 metre
  • 0.85 g/t over 12 metres
  • 0.6 g/t over 30 metres
  • 1.28 g/t over 3.5 metres
  • 4.72 g/t over 20 metres (including 62.2 g/t over 1.1 metres)

“We were jumping up and down for joy as far as a shotgun blast coming up with nine out of 13 holes with good intercepts,” Klipfel declares. “We’ve tagged on to something, and now we need to figure out what it is.” He believes that Ahafo, like Nangodi, has significant resource potential. However, before a resource estimate can be considered a trenching program and a further 4,000 metres of drilling in 2012 (planned for 2Q and 3Q respectively) are needed to better understand this project.

With about $1 million in the bank, Klipfel says that his company is due for a financing which will either be done publicly or by private placement “in the next month or so.” He continues, “We want to put about 50% of our effort and money into Nangodi, 35% into Asafo and 15% into the other [properties]. Hopefully, we can get another discovery going by the end of the year.”

Klipfel concludes, “I haven’t been able to be as aggressive about the exploration as I’d like early this year because we’re in budget-minded mode. We undertook 10,000-plus metres of drilling on four different campaigns in seven months last year. We went from blank pieces of paper to two flagship-level projects with multimillion-ounce potential. Including the joint venture with [Kinross], we’ve expanded our concessions from three to 16. I only hope our future allows us to grow like that and come up with goods like we have at Asafo and Nangodi.”

At press time, Abzu Gold had 59.2 million shares trading at $0.21 for a market cap of $12.4 million. Its other concessions in Ghana are located on the Sefwi, Asankrangwa and Ashanti Belts.

Disclaimer: Abzu Gold Ltd is a client of OnPage Media and the principals of OnPage Media may hold shares in Abzu Gold.

Keegan reports Ghana PFS: $639M NPV, 32% IRR, $506M CAPEX, 2.6M Au Oz/10 yr

September 22nd, 2011

Resource Clips - essential news on junior gold mining and junior silver mining(Update: On March 1, 2013, Keegan Resources Inc began trading as Asanko Gold Inc TSX:AKG.)

Keegan Resources Inc TSX:KGN announced results of a prefeasibility study of its Esaase Gold Project in Ghana. Based on a gold price of $1,150 per ounce, the report projects an open-pit mine with a CAPEX of US$506 million, an after-tax NPV (discounted at 5%) of $639 million and an IRR of 32%. The study also estimates gold production of 2.6 million ounces over a 10.2-year mine life, with 330,000 ounces produced in the first year and a life-of-mine average of 258,000 ounces per year. Plant capacity is estimated at 7.5 million tonnes a year.

Keegan also released an updated resource estimate of 98.7 million tonnes grading 1.1 g/t for 3.64 million ounces measured and indicated and 45.9 million tonnes grading 1.1 g/t for 1.55 million ounces inferred. The estimate uses a 0.4 g/t cutoff.

A portion of the measured and indicated resource was converted to proven and probable mineral reserves of 79.4 million tonnes grading 1.1 g/t for 2.88 million ounces.

President/CEO Maurice Tagami commented, “With our current cash reserve of $220 million, we feel confident that we can rapidly advance the project to production.”

View Company Profile

Contact:
Shawn Wallace
Executive Chairman
604.683.8193
800.863.8655

The Beverly Hills of West Africa

July 12th, 2011

Pelangio is Surrounded by Gold Coast Giants

By Ted Niles

Brendan Cahill can’t think of a better place to be. “Ghana is kind of the Beverly Hills of gold exploration,” declares the VP of Corporate Development for Pelangio Exploration. “It’s all big players and stars out there.” Among them: Kinross, AngloGold Ashanti, Newmont, Gold Fields and Golden Star. Cahill says, “Those guys are there because it’s the best place in the world to work, and we’re lucky to have over 500 square kilometres. The combination of potential for massive deposits and a really supportive government and a well-trained workforce—I don’t think there’s a place in the world like it.”

Of its three properties in the West African nation—Obuasi, Manfo and Akroma—Pelangio’s Manfo property has received the lion’s share of attention so far. Manfo comprises 100 square kilometres and is located on the Sefwi Greenstone Belt. Cahill refers to it as a “company-making property,” and there might be something to that, given that Kinross’s Chirano Mine is located a mere 14 kilometres to the southwest, and Newmont’s Ahafo Mine is 50 kilometres to the north. Cahill remarks, “[Manfo] is one that people can invest in and be sure that there’s something there.”

Pelangio is Surrounded by Gold Coast Giants

Pelangio reported its first drill results from Manfo as recently as September 2010, so a date for a resource estimate hasn’t yet been decided, although Cahill estimates that it will likely be sometime in 2012. He explains, “When we got on the property, it was about trying to understand the geology, trying to understand exactly what we have. We’re at the stage now where we can start trying to prove up and grow the ounces as we work towards getting a resource together.”

Pelangio in currently in the middle of a 25,000-metre drill program at Manfo, focusing on four targets there: Pokukrom East, Pokukrom West, Nfante East and Nfante West. “We’ve got bulk tonnage and high grade, and there’s lots of room for other discoveries that we’re working on as well,” Cahill says. “So the aim is to have another drill on the property within the next few weeks, and that’ll give us quicker turnaround time in terms of results and also let us grow ounces quicker.”

July 11 Manfo assays include 1 gram per tonne gold over 50 metres, 1.12 g/t over 23 metres, 1.85 g/t over 17 metres (including 7 g/t over 4 metres) and 0.81 g/t over 54 metres (including 1.01 g/t over 38 metres). May 24 assays included 2.6 g/t gold over 19 metres (including 5.79 g/t over 8 metres), 14.1 g/t over 7 metres and 0.99 g/t over 22 metres (including 2.95 g/t over 6 metres). Cahill comments, “We are putting together some great strike at Pokukrom East, Pokukrom West and at Nfante West. It’s a matter of drilling them up to resource standard over the next year or so.”

A 5,000-metre drill program is also underway at Pelangio’s Obuasi property, adjacent to and on-strike with AngloGold’s Obuasi Mine, which produced 317,000 ounces gold in 2010. Cahill is optimistic about its prospects: “We have some really good targets there. If we don’t hit on the first go around, then we’ll go back and drill them again, because some of the targets warrant it.” He adds, “[Obuasi] is a potential game-changer. If we hit there, all bets are off.”

Between the company-maker and the game-changer, Pelangio has much to consider. But, insists Cahill, “All we can do is focus on what we can control right now. That’s putting together a really solid resource.”

We think we’re on to the next big gold deposit there; it’s just going to take work to get it together —Brendan Cahill

He continues, “We have a team that can go well beyond that stage, but once we get the resource done, then we’ll look about ourselves and see whether going to production is the way to do it.” He suggests the possibility, for instance, of Pelangio spinning the project out into another company—as it did in 2007 with its Detour Lake project in Ontario. “The wild card is always whether you get taken out along the way. But that’s not something we can control.”

In addition to its Ghana properties, Pelangio has several in Canada, including Ontario’s Birch Lake and Poirier properties. At press time, the company has 138.1 million shares trading at $0.57 for a market cap of $78.7 million.

“Everything we get continues to underline the fact that we’re on to something really significant,” Cahill concludes. “We think we’re on to the next big gold deposit there; it’s just going to take work to get it together.”

Pelangio VP Brendan Cahill on Ghana assays of 1 g/t gold over 50m

July 12th, 2011

Pelangio Exploration Inc TSXV:PX announced results from its Manfo Property in Ghana. Highlights include 1 g/t gold over 50 metres (including 2.52 g/t over 11 metres), 1.12 g/t over 23 metres (including 2.53 g/t over 7 metres), 1.85 g/t over 17 metres (including 7 g/t over 4 metres) and 0.81 g/t over 54 metres (including 1.01 g/t over 38 metres).

VP Corporate Development Brendan Cahill tells ResourceClips.com, “From our perspective, Manfo is really a company-making property. It’s one that people can invest in and be sure that there’s something there. We just have to put the work in, get the drills on the property to prove up the ounces, which is what we’re in the process of doing right now.

“Today’s results continue to define the zone that we’re seeing at Pokukrom West, and we added a little bit to the story at Pokukrom East—two of the discoveries that we have on the property. When we got on the property, it was about trying to understand the geology, trying to understand exactly what we have. We’re at the stage now where we can start trying to prove up and grow the ounces as we work towards getting a resource together. We’ve been [at Manfo] less than a year, so we don’t have a resource estimate yet, and that’s what the goal is. We don’t want to put a time estimate on it yet, as it’s a bit early, but we are putting together some great strike at Pokukrom East, Pokukrom West and at Nfante West. It’s a matter of drilling them up to resource standard over the next year or so.

“The great thing about it is we have these four brand new discoveries on the property. They’re all near surface, we’ve got bulk tonnage and high grade, and there’s lots of room for other discoveries that we’re working on as well. So the aim is to have another drill on the property within the next few weeks, and that’ll give us quicker turnaround time in terms of results and also let us grow ounces quicker. There’s also our other property at Obuasi. That’s a potential game-changer. If we hit there, all bets are off and it’s going to be a fun fall.

Ghana is kind of the Beverly Hills of gold exploration.—Brendan Cahill

“All we can do is focus on what we can control right now,” continues Cahill. “That’s putting together a really solid resource. We have a team that can go well beyond that stage, but once we get that resource done then—and this would likely be sometime next year—then we’ll look about ourselves and see whether going to production is the way to do it, or doing something like we did at Detour Lake where we spun it into a separate company with a tight capital structure, did the financing, put the team together and brought it through to development. The wild card is always whether you get taken out along the way, but that’s not something we can control so that’s not something we’re focussed on right now.

“We’re in good company out there: Kinross, AngloGold Ashanti, Newmont, Gold Fields, Golden Star. Ghana is kind of the Beverly Hills of gold exploration. It’s all big players and stars out there. That’s why it’s great. We don’t necessarily get the buzz of everybody saying that they are staked near Pelangio because we’re surrounded by Newmont and Kinross and AngloGold. Those guys are there because it’s the best place in the world to work, and we’re lucky to have over 500 square kilometres there now. In our mind, Ghana is the best place to work. The combination of potential for massive deposits and a really supportive government and a well-trained workforce—I don’t think there’s a place in the world like it.

Cahill concludes, “Manfo is a company-maker. Everything we get continues to underline the fact that we’re on to something really significant. We think we’re on to the next big gold deposit there; it’s just going to take work to get it together.”

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Contact:
Warren Bates
Senior VP of Exploration
905.875.3828
877.746.1632

by Greg Klein and Ted Niles