Saturday 18th November 2017

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Posts tagged ‘afghanistan’

Authors William Dalrymple and Anita Anand consider responses to India and Pakistan’s rival claims to the Koh-i-Noor diamond, now part of Britain’s Crown Jewels

October 17th, 2017

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Pomp and plunder

September 23rd, 2017

Indians increasingly dominate diamonds, but their most fabled stone remains elusive

by Greg Klein

Maybe it’s fitting that Indians, said to be the first to truly appreciate the gems, have returned to such prominence in the global diamond trade. The country’s alluvial finds constituted the world’s main source until supplanted by Brazil in the early 18th century. Although Indians originally held rubies and emeralds in even higher esteem, their admiration for diamonds spread to neighbouring cultures and beyond. The story of the Koh-i-Noor shows how one stone came to be associated not only with beauty, majesty and mystery but, more recently, with controversy too.

Indians increasingly dominate diamonds, but their most fabled stone eludes them

By no means the largest diamond ever found, it’s nevertheless been credited with good luck and blamed for misfortune. Some viewers found it dazzling for its brilliance, others were disappointed by its dimness. But it passed through a number of empires, often amid horrific bloodshed, before ending up in Britain’s Crown Jewels. Authors William Dalrymple and Anita Anand recount the rock’s odyssey in their recently published Koh-i-Noor: The History of the World’s Most Infamous Diamond.

While revelling in the myths, legends, propaganda and guesswork associated with the stone, the writers try to set the historical record straight with previously untranslated documents and new gemmological research that reconstructs the Koh-i-Noor as a rough stone.

Ancient accounts refer to a number of large Indian diamonds which could include the Koh-i-Noor. Some were bigger and believed to transmit supernatural power, but the Koh-i-Noor eventually prevailed as the most renowned. Even so, the first definite written reference doesn’t come until the mid-18th century, referring back to northern India’s 17th-century Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

Such was his captivation for precious stones that they all but monopolized his attention at a banquet featuring a dozen dancing girls of “lascivious and suggestive dress, immodest behaviour and posturing.” In 1635 he made the Koh-i-Noor the centrepiece of his Peacock Throne. An especially lavish piece of furniture meant to evoke the Koranic Solomon’s throne, it cost twice as much to build as the Taj Mahal.

Indians increasingly dominate diamonds, but their most fabled stone eludes them

The Queen Mother’s crown features the Koh-i-Noor
within a Maltese cross between two fleurs-de-lys.

Eventually the Mughals dismantled their seat of ostentation and the Koh-i-Noor became in turn a symbol of power for Persians, the Durrani Empire of Afghanistan and the Sikh empire, as each looting victor became a looted victim. Finally an 1849 treaty ending the Second Anglo-Sikh War ordered a terrified 10-year-old Maharajah Duleep Singh to surrender the celebrated stone to Queen Victoria.

Surviving a perilous voyage, the rock went on display to widespread public anticipation at the 1851 Crystal Palace Great Exhibition. It bombed.

Prince Albert tried to enhance the stone’s effect with gas lamps and angled mirrors. That fizzled too, as the props “turned the display into a sauna, causing visitors to swoon after only a few minutes. The press began to blame the Koh-i-Noor for being difficult, as if it were some kind of contrary and disappointing child.”

Albert then summoned experts who agreed that the diamond “was flawed at its very heart. Yellow flecks ran through a plane at its centre, one of which was large and marred its ability to refract light.” The authorities disagreed, however, on whether the gem could be re-cut without wrecking it. Eventually two of the world’s top pros arrived from Amsterdam and set to work with a state-of-the-art steam-powered grinder in a specially designed shop.

Their bill, for a few months of work, amounted to over a million pounds in today’s terms. Despite assurances to the contrary, moreover, they savaged the stone’s size from 190.3 carats to 93 carats. But dazzle it did. With an unusual symmetry of 33 facets each above and below the gem’s “table,” the cutters redeemed both the stone’s beauty and its public image.

Indians increasingly dominate diamonds, but their most fabled stone eludes them

It helped Victoria dazzle too, in those years before she went into morbid mourning. Waltzing with Napoleon III before 1,200 guests at Versailles, she wore a white satin gown and a diadem adorned with almost 3,000 small diamonds. Among them, the great K “gleamed like a third eye.” Other royal figures ordered it mounted and re-mounted on various regalia until the Queen Mother had it placed in its current crown. She sported the headgear at her daughter’s coronation. But for some reason (maybe trepidation about its supposed curse, the authors suggest), Elizabeth II has never worn it.

Since then, calls for its return have come from competitors, among them India, Pakistan and even the Taliban.

“Others have suggested that it be cut up once again and a piece each given to all those countries that make a credible argument for its return—including modern-day Iran and Afghanistan. But it is most unlikely that such Solomonic wisdom would ever be entertained by the British, nor indeed would it satisfy any of the various parties involved.”

The most persistent calls come from Indians. Equally tenacious has been Britain in its refusals. On a 2010 visit to Punjab, the authors relate, then-PM David Cameron said, “If you say yes to one you suddenly find the British Museum would be empty.”

Yet the country where the great diamond first came to prominence returned to diamond prominence itself late last century. Ironically that happened not due to gems of magnificence but through smaller, lower-quality stones originating in other countries and disdained by the rest of the trade. Through such humble beginnings, the west coast city of Surat now handles more than 80%, or even 90%, of the world’s cutting and polishing work. Mumbai, 290 kilometres south, hosts the world’s biggest diamond bourse. In the world diamond-sorting capital of Antwerp, Indians conduct about three-quarters of the business.

As for rough supply, Rio Tinto NYSE:RIO walked out on the country’s best hope for a major diamond mine in February, when the company handed ownership of the Bunder deposit, once anticipated for 2019 production, to the state government of Madhya Pradesh.

Meanwhile the Dalrymple/Anand book has reportedly spawned renewed activity in the search for India’s alluvial diamonds, maybe even another Koh-i-Noor, with all its blessings and curses.

Of diamonds and dynasties

August 4th, 2017

A new marketing approach accompanies Alrosa’s new emphasis on polished stones

by Greg Klein

A new marketing approach accompanies Alrosa’s new emphasis on polished stones

The Dynasty Collection celebrates Alrosa’s revival of Russian jewelry craftsmanship.
(Photo: Alrosa)

 

Legendary diamonds have long been associated with imperial dynasties. Now, just as a new book promises to revive interest in the multi-empire story of the fabled Koh-i-Noor gem, Alrosa has unveiled a suite of five stones commemorating great families of old Russia. In doing so, the mining giant marks a new emphasis not just on extracting exceptional stones, but cutting and polishing them too. The company says it will use state-of-the-art techniques to revive traditions dating back to Peter I.

A near-second to De Beers as the world’s largest diamond miner by value, Alrosa’s overall strategy might be to broaden diamonds’ appeal beyond the maybe one (or two, or sometimes profligately multiple) life events that call for an engagement ring.

A new marketing approach accompanies Alrosa’s new emphasis on polished stones

(Photo: Alrosa)

The company’s new quintet started as a single 179-carat rough with a name that evokes grandeur, but also tragic decline and a horrific ending: The Romanovs. One and a half years in the making, the polished collection’s centrepiece is The Dynasty, a 51.38-carat traditional round brilliant-cut stone “unprecedented in the history of Russia” as the most expensive and purest of all large diamonds cut in the country.

The set’s other four gems recall wealthy dynasties “that played a crucial role in the development of Russian jewelry”: The Sheremetevs (16.67 carats), The Orlovs (5.05 carats), The Vorontsovs (1.73 carats) and The Yusupovs (1.39 carats).

The collection goes on sale online—take that Christie’s, Sotheby’s and U.S. sanctions—in November.

But there’s no association stronger than actual ownership, and in that regard the Koh-i-Noor might be the most esteemed of all diamonds. In a soon-to-be published book of the same name, authors William Dalrymple and Anita Anand track “the history of the world’s most infamous diamond.”

Here’s a rock that gained prominence in northern India’s 17th century Mughal dynasty, was pillaged by 18th century Persians and retrieved from the corpse of their assassinated ruler by Ahmad Shah, who wore the jewel himself while building the Durrani Empire of Afghanistan. His successors lost the gem, along with considerable territory, to Sikh emperor Ranjit Singh. The authors credit this early 19th century ruler with boosting the diamond’s prestige to an unprecedented level. Following his death and the Sikhs’ defeat at British hands, the victors ordered that the Koh-i-Noor “shall be surrendered by the Maharajah of Lahore to the Queen of England.”

Along with Cullinan I and Cullinan II, the world’s largest top-quality polished stones, the Koh-i-Noor takes its place in the Crown Jewels. Both India and Pakistan want it back.

The book’s publicist promises a saga of “greed, murder, torture, colonialism and appropriation.” But extracting the stones can come at a terrible cost too, and one doesn’t have to delve into history to realize that. Just days after Alrosa unveiled The Dynasty collection, the company reported nine miners missing after a flood at the Mir diamond mine in the far eastern Republic of Sakha.

A steady source of plus-sized rough, Sakha mines gave up gems of nearly 110 carats and 75 carats just last month and, last year, a 207.29-carat stone. The Romanovs was found there in 2015.

A new marketing approach accompanies Alrosa’s new emphasis on polished stones

The Tenner, a £10 flea market
find, sold for $848,000.
(Photo: Sotheby’s)

Size and weight aren’t everything, however, as the 1,109-carat Lesedi La Rona continues to demonstrate. Lucara Diamond TSX:LUC has yet to find a buyer after rejecting a $61-million bid last year for the “tennis ball-sized” Botswana diamond, the largest ever found after South Africa’s 3,106-carat Cullinan that’s since been subdivided and relocated to the Crown Jewels with the Koh-i-Noor. Last May Lucara did sell a piece of its original stone, estimated to have been about 1,500 carats, when cutter Graff Diamonds paid $17.5 million for a 373.72-carat shard that broke off during the mine recovery process.

Another super-sized non-seller is the 709-carat rough found by an artisanal miner in Sierra Leone. He entrusted it to the government, which rejected a $7.8-million bid that failed to meet the stone’s valuation.

But sometimes there’s amazing value to be found among the dross. Thirty years or so after a Brit paid 10 quid for a piece of second-hand “costume jewelry,” the owner got around to asking Sotheby’s for an appraisal. The verdict? “A genuine cushion-shaped diamond weighing 26.29 carats with an attractive colour grade of I and impressive clarity grade of VVS2.”

In dollar terms, that meant a price estimated up to about $450,000. In June the hammer came down on $848,000.

See an infographic about legendary diamonds.

Saskatchewan and Manitoba first and second globally as mining jurisdictions

March 1st, 2017

by Greg Klein | March 1, 2017

Saskatchewan edged one notch upwards to take first place worldwide while Manitoba soared from 19th to second in this year’s Fraser Institute survey of mining and exploration jurisdictions. Those two provinces pushed last year’s top performer, Western Australia, down to third place. Canada’s other top 10 spot went to Quebec, rising to sixth from eighth the year before. All continents but Antarctica came under scrutiny but Canadian, American, Australian and European locales monopolized the top 10.

Farther down the list, the strongest Canadian improvements were Newfoundland and Labrador, climbing to 16th from 25th, and the Northwest Territories, now 21st, previously 35th. Most disappointing were British Columbia (falling to 27th from 18th), Nunavut (31st from 23rd) and Alberta (47th from 34th).

Those findings come from the survey’s Investment Attractiveness Index, which combines two other indices—Policy Perception, a “report card” on government attitudes, and Best Practices Mineral Potential, concerning geological appeal. Representatives of 104 companies responded with their 2016 experiences in mind, giving a numerical rating to questions in several categories regarding their likelihood of investing in a particular jurisdiction. The previous year 109 companies responded.

Here’s the top 10 globally for overall investment attractiveness, with last year’s standings in parentheses:

1 Saskatchewan (2)

2 Manitoba (19)

3 Western Australia (1)

4 Nevada (3)

5 Finland (5)

6 Quebec (8)

7 Arizona (17)

8 Sweden (13)

9 Ireland (4)

10 Queensland (16)

Here are the Canadian runners-up:

15 Yukon (12)

16 Newfoundland and Labrador (25)

18 Ontario (15)

21 Northwest Territories (35)

27 British Columbia (18)

31 Nunavut (23)

40 New Brunswick (45)

47 Alberta (34)

52 Nova Scotia (59)

At least those provinces and territories steered far clear of the bottom 10, where Argentina figures prominently:

95 Mozambique (84)

96 Zimbabwe (98)

97 India (73)

98 Mendoza province, Argentina (101)

99 La Rioja province, Argentina (109)

100 Afghanistan (not available)

101 Chubut province, Argentina (104)

102 Venezuela (108)

103 Neuquen province, Argentina (93)

104 Jujuy province, Argentina (86)

“We believe that the survey captures, at least in broad strokes, the perceptions of those involved in both mining and the regulation of mining in the jurisdictions included in the survey,” stated authors Taylor Jackson and Kenneth P. Green.

Download the Fraser Institute Annual Survey of Mining Companies 2016.

Afghanistan’s $1-trillion mining dream is fading

September 20th, 2013

by Anthony Halley | September 20, 2013 | Reprinted by permission of Mining.com

Afghanistan’s $1-trillion mining dream is fading

Afghan gold deposits (Image: British Geological Survey)

 

Afghanistan’s plan to develop its estimated $1 trillion worth of mineral resources received a serious blow when China announced its desire to undo a multi-billion-dollar agreement to help create a mining industry in the war-torn nation.

The deal, inked in 2007, was to send $3 billion of Chinese investment into the world’s second-largest copper deposit, the 5.5-million-tonne Mes Aynak near Kabul.

With little more than a year remaining until international forces exit Afghanistan, and without firm Chinese support on the horizon, the government may now be forced to “scale back plans for attracting mining companies to exploit its minerals reserves, including copper, gold, iron ore and rare earths,” writes Lynne O’Donnell for the South China Morning Post.

Complex security obstacles aside, Afghanistan’s timing may prove to be off. With the economies of China and other major developing nations slowing, weak commodities prices and massive, industry-wide cost-cutting, Afghanistan may have missed its window to take part in the boom.

“Until global demand recovers and there is a sense of optimism about growth and mineral prices that will eventually re-trigger big mining interest in new greenfields projects, I think Afghanistan will struggle to develop its minerals assets over the next five years,” said Peter Hickson of Global Materials Advisors.

See also: The iron ore slice of the $1-trillion Afghanistan resource pie

Reprinted by permission of Mining.com

Year in review: Part II

December 29th, 2012

A mining and exploration retrospect for 2012

by Greg Klein

Read Part I of Year in Review.

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Graphite boom, bust and echo

One of the commodities that excited the 2012 market, graphite began stirring interest in 2011 and really gained momentum early this year. But the precipitous fall, right around April Fool’s Day, let cynics bask in schadenfreude. It was a bubble all along, they insisted.

Well, not quite. Despite reduced share values, work continued as the front-runners advanced their projects and earlier-stage companies competed for position in graphite’s second wave of potential producers. By autumn some of the advanced-stage outfits, far from humbled by last spring’s events, boldly indulged themselves in a blatant bragging contest.

Old king coal to regain its throne

If clean carbon doesn’t excite investors like it used to, plain old dirty carbon might. By 2017 coal’s share of the global energy market will rival that of oil. So says the International Energy Agency, which issued its Medium-Term Coal Market Report in December.

A mining and exploration retrospect for 2012

The forecast sees China consuming over half the world’s production by 2017. “Even if Chinese GDP growth were to slow to a 4.6% average over the period, coal demand would still increase both globally and in China,” the report stated. India, with the world’s “largest pocket of energy poverty,” will take second place for consumption.

Coal’s growth in demand is slowing, however. But its share of the energy mix continues to increase even though Europe’s “coal renaissance” (sic) appears to be temporary.

Bringing coal miners to new hassle

Chinese provide much of the market and often the investment. So why shouldn’t they provide the workers too? That seems to be the rationale of Chinese interests behind four British Columbia coal projects.

The proponents plan to use Chinese underground workers exclusively at the most advanced project, HD Mining International’s Murray River, for 30 months of construction and two additional years of mining. Only then would Canadians be initiated into the mysteries of Chinese longwall mining. But with only 10% of the workforce to be replaced by Canadians each year, Chinese “temporary” workers would staff the mine until about 2026. The B.C. government has known about these intentions since at least 2007.

The HD Mining saga has seen new developments almost every week since the United Steelworkers broke the story on October 9.

As Greenland’s example suggests, the scheme might represent another facet of China’s growing power.

Geopolitical geology

Resource imperialism aside, resource nationalism and other aspects of country risk continued throughout 2012. South American Silver TSX:SAC continues to seek compensation after spending over $16 million on a silver-polymetallic project that the Bolivian government then snatched as a freebie. Centerra Gold TSX:CG escaped nationalization in Kyrgyzstan but works its way through somewhat Byzantine political and regulatory intrigue, as does Stans Energy TSXV:HRE. In November the latter claimed a court victory over a hostile parliamentary committee.

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Week in review

November 30th, 2012

A mining and exploration retrospect for November 24 to 30, 2012

by Greg Klein

Next Page 1 | 2

Amalgamation, acquisitions bring big news to Canada’s uranium play

Friday’s announcement from Clermont Capital Inc TSXV:XYZ.P and NexGen Energy Ltd shows companies joining forces to combine money, projects and expertise in uranium exploration. Clermont announced a letter of intent to acquire NexGen in a three-cornered amalgamation in which a Clermont subsidiary amalgamates with NexGen to create a new Clermont subsidiary. The capital pool company intends the acquisition as a qualifying transaction to become a TSXV Tier-2 issuer.

So there’s good money and a good technical team coming behind the deal. And it’s happening when the market’s clearly hungry for a discovery. It sure looks like Fission and Alpha have something to be excited about. We hope that we can be part of that ride as well.—Clermont Capital president/CEO/director Arlen Hansen on a planned amalgamation with NexGen Energy and properties acquisition

Currently NexGen’s key asset is the Radio uranium project in northern Saskatchewan’s Athabasca Basin. NexGen holds an option to acquire an initial 70%, then the remaining 30% subject to a 2% NSR. Exploration has identified drill targets that are interpreted to be on the same structural trend as Rio Tinto’s Roughrider deposits and Fission Energy’s TSXV:FIS J-Zone. Roughrider holds resources of 17.2 million pounds U3O8 indicated and 40.7 million pounds inferred, while the J-Zone holds 7.37 million pounds indicated and 1.51 million pounds inferred. NexGen plans drilling in Q1 2013.

NexGen’s wholly-owned Rook 1 property sits directly northeast of the near-surface Patterson Lake South uranium project, a JV of Fission and Alpha Minerals TSXV:AMW.

On November 15 NexGen announced a definitive agreement to purchase the majority of Mega Uranium’s TSX:MGA Canadian projects in the Athabasca Basin and Nunavut’s Thelon Basin. As a result, Mega is anticipated to acquire up to a 38% interest in NexGen.

Among the conditions for the Clermont-NexGen acquisition, NexGen would close a private placement of at least $6.6 million. Prior to closing the acquisition, Clermont would consolidate its shares on a 2.35-for-one basis. On closing, NexGen shareholders would receive one post-consolidation Clermont share for each NexGen share.

Speaking to ResourceClips Friday afternoon, Clermont president/CEO/director Arlen Hansen said, “It’s a very large land package and uranium exploration takes a lot of time and money, so we’re getting the NexGen operational team, which includes some ex-Rio Tinto guys and Leigh Curyer, who raised hundreds of millions of dollars for Southern Cross before it was taken out in the uranium sector as well.

“So there’s good money and a good technical team coming behind the deal. And it’s happening when the market’s clearly hungry for a discovery. It sure looks like Fission and Alpha have something to be excited about. We hope that we can be part of that ride as well.”

U3082014 apologizes. Now VMS goes after axeman#, tamerackerdown and nttg2005

A mining and exploration retrospect

VMS Ventures TSXV:VMS greeted Friday by announcing progress in its battle against anonymous posters on the Stockhouse bullboard. Following what the company alleges to have been “false and malicious posts” between November 2, 2010 and May 10, 2012, VMS has now received court orders requiring internet service providers to identify three more commentators. The company had already obtained court orders requiring Stockhouse to divulge their internet protocol addresses. VMS said it “intends to pursue all legal options available against these posters in order to protect its reputation.”

The company also announced a settlement with a poster identified as U3082014 regarding statements uploaded between April 15, 2011 and August 27, 2012. Details are confidential, apart from the apology U3082014 submitted to VMS’ lawyers in September and posted on Wednesday.

Richmont closes Francoeur Mine, suspends Wasamac exploration

Francoeur had been struggling but, just the same, the news seemed sudden. Richmont Mines TSX:RIC announced Thursday the immediate shutdown of its 20-year-old gold mine in Quebec’s Rouyn-Noranda region. President/CEO Paul Carmel blamed the decision on high costs due to “low realized grades, difficult mining conditions and a tight labour pool for the experienced miners required for the challenging mining conditions at Francoeur.” As recently as November 8, however, Carmel sounded fairly optimistic as he spoke of “ramping up the Francoeur Mine to full production levels.”

The company’s pre-tax write-off will range between $11 million and $13 million. Immediate layoffs hit 115 workers, while another 35 will stay on for four months of decommissioning. Richmont is holding to its 2012 guidance of 65,000 ounces but 2013 is estimated between 65,000 and 70,000 ounces, down from a previous projection of 85,000 to 95,000 ounces. The company also operates the Beaufor Mine near Val d’Or, Quebec and the Island Gold Mine in northern Ontario.

Exploration at Richmont’s Wasamac gold project near Rouyn-Noranda has been suspended until next year.

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Kilo reports Democratic Republic of Congo Assays of 4.96 g/t Gold over 11.2m

January 11th, 2012

Resource Clips - essential news on junior gold mining and junior silver miningKilo Goldmines Ltd TSXV:KGL announced results from the Manzako Prospect of its Somituri Project in northeast Democratic Republic of Congo. Assays include

4.96 g/t gold over 11.2 metres
(including 7.62 g/t over 5.3 metres)
1.24 g/t over 10 metres
(including 1.4 g/t over 8.4 metres)
1.26 g/t over 1.1 metres

The company owns a 71.25% interest in the DRC entity that holds the Somituri Project exploitation permits. The Manzako Prospect is approximately five kilometres from the company’s Adumbi Gold Deposit.

President/CEO Alex van Hoeken speaks to ResourceClips.com from Kabul, Afghanistan. “Somituri is an exploration project in which we have [an inferred resource estimate of] two million ounces in a prospect called Adumbi. Manzako is one of the target areas in the near vicinity. Within about a three to five-kilometre radius we have eight other targets which are mined by artisanal miners and appear to be on long structures. We’ve previously had very good results. Our most recent results just confirm the continuation of the prospective area. The ultimate objective is to add ounces to what we’ve already found. So what we’re trying to do is expand the resource base.”

Last December, Kilo received US$1.43 million from Rio Tinto, a joint venture partner along with Suez Holdings Ltd, in the Isiro Iron Ore Project in northeast DRC.

I’ve been working in the DRC for the last 12 years, so I have no problems. I know my way around; I’ve got my network; my wife is a lawyer there. I’m quite comfortable. It’s not the easiest place to work, but if you know your way around, it’s doable—Alex van Hoeken

“The project was originally held 75% by us and 25% by a local partner,” van Hoeken explains. “Rio exercised an option to buy 15% from that partner and they brought forward a payment to us. They were supposed to pay it to us in December 2012, but they brought it forward to December 2011. To us, that’s great because it means they’re highly confident about the project. It’s still early days; we’ve only drilled an initial number of holes. But we’re getting encouraging results so we’ll continue the program. The fact that Rio has purchased the option from the local partner and given us the accelerated payment just means that the project is on track and highly prospective.

“I’ve been working in the DRC for the last 12 years so I have no problems,” he adds. “I know my way around; I’ve got my network; my wife is a lawyer there. I’m quite comfortable. It’s not the easiest place to work, but if you know your way around, it’s doable.

“The logistics are challenging. It’s remote. But that applies to many projects. And the infrastructure is improving. New roads are being built, cellphone networks are being brought up. I can definitely see the difference between now and 12 years ago.”

Kilo, along with a group led by UK-based corporate financier David Buckle, submitted a bid for mining rights in Afghanistan’s Hajigak Iron Ore Deposit.

“We’re now in the middle of discussions with the Afghanistan Ministry of Mines,” van Hoeken says. “It would be premature to say anything further.

“We have a very good, very open relationship with David Buckle. We make joint decisions; we’re meeting all the Afghan parties together; we work as partners. The plan is to create an independent entity which would have its own project team. I would offer input and assistance. It will be run independently from the projects in the Congo.

“We’ll be working with locals for security.” he points out. “The province where the project is located is considered one of the safest in the country. The need for security probably won’t be as high as you might think.”

Van Hoeken concludes, “I think Kilo is completely undervalued for its assets and potential compared to our peers in the industry. Based on that alone, I think an investment is more than justified, despite the potential downside—because the potential upside is so much larger.”

View Company Profile

Contact:
Alex van Hoeken
President/CEO
416.360.3406

by Greg Klein