Monday 26th June 2017

Resource Clips


All posts by Greg Klein - Resource Clips

June 26th, 2017

The famous 10 rules of investing—which most investors don’t follow Equities.com
For mainstream news agencies, gold’s flash crash must be somebody’s “mistake” GoldSeek
Does coal stand a chance against renewable energy? Stockhouse
Qatar freight embargo raises fears of a barite squeeze Industrial Minerals
King’s Wealth: Gold Stocks Playbook part 1 Streetwise Reports
A look at Ivanhoe’s Kamoa-Kakula project Geology for Investors
Cobalt supply is in a “death spiral”: Jack Lifton SmallCapPower
Takeaways from the recent Industrial Minerals lithium conference in Montreal The Disruptive Discoveries Journal
Lithium-ion batteries now sell for less than $140 per kWh Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

The Greenwood renaissance

June 23rd, 2017

Golden Dawn Minerals moves to revive the historic B.C. mining camp

by Greg Klein

It’s a case of one bold decision leading to another. Among the companies that saw opportunity during the downturn, Golden Dawn Minerals TSXV:GOM began picking up past-producers, assembling a cluster of properties radiating around a mill in south-central British Columbia’s fabled Greenwood mining district. Now, with a recently released PEA and some of the permits in place, the company’s ready to boldly venture into trial mining sans feasibility.

Company adviser George Sookochoff credits president/CEO Wolf Wiese with being “very aggressive in making deals, acquiring properties and putting together this fantastic package. Now that markets are looking better, he’s already got his projects and financing lined up.”

Golden Dawn Minerals moves to revive the historic B.C. mining camp

Golden Dawn’s mill plays a vital role in the
company’s plans to re-activate the past-producing mines.

So extensive is Golden Dawn’s portfolio that it reads more like a catalogue. But the initial focal points constitute a mill with three nearby past-producers: the Lexington-Grenoble gold-copper, Golden Crown gold-copper and May Mac gold-silver-lead-zinc mines. The company’s crushing-grinding-gravity-flotation mill and tailings facility has a 212-tpd capacity expandable to 400 tpd. Built in 2007, it’s been on care and maintenance since the end of 2008.

“The mill is key to the potential success of this economic model,” Sookochoff explains. “It enables us to mine and process smaller deposits. We’ll find bigger deposits if they’re there but we could keep feeding the mill with these smaller deposits. All these projects are within 15 kilometres of the mill.”

With the advantages of refurbishable infrastructure straddling a highway 500 kilometres east of Vancouver, the PEA calculates a very high after-tax IRR of 103.4% and NPV of $19.7 million. Capex would come to $27.2 million, including pre-production costs of $3.4 million spent over six months. Payback would come in 1.4 years, while the life of mine would be 4.6 years.

The limited lifespan, of course, highlights the importance of resource expansion, Sookochoff emphasizes.

This week the company announced provincial approval to re-activate Lexington and the mill. The 2,020-hectare Lexington property had its underground infrastructure expanded by a previous operator that mined the project from April to December 2008, producing 5,486 ounces of gold, 3,247 ounces of silver and 860,259 pounds of copper that was processed at the Greenwood mill. Using a 3.5 g/t gold-equivalent cutoff, Lexington has a 2016 resource showing:

  • measured: 58,000 tonnes averaging 6.98 g/t gold, 1.1% copper and 8.63 g/t gold-equivalent for 16,100 gold-equivalent ounces

  • indicated: 314,000 tonnes averaging 6.38 g/t gold, 1.04% copper and 7.94 g/t gold-equivalent for 80,200 gold-equivalent ounces

  • inferred: 12,000 tonnes averaging 4.42 g/t gold, 1.03% copper and 5.96 g/t gold-equivalent for 2,300 gold-equivalent ounces

At Golden Crown, meanwhile, permitting is in process for surface drilling to upgrade the resource and test for extensions. The 1,017-hectare property underwent small-scale underground gold-copper mining early last century and extensive exploration on and off since then. Using a 3.5 g/t gold-equivalent cutoff, Golden Crown’s 2016 resource shows:

  • indicated: 163,000 tonnes averaging 11.09 g/t gold, 0.56% copper and 11.93 g/t gold-equivalent for 62,500 gold-equivalent ounces

  • inferred: 42,000 tonnes averaging 9.04 g/t gold, 0.43% copper and 9.68 g/t gold-equivalent for 13,100 gold-equivalent ounces

May Mac also has permit applications under review, these ones for underground drifting, drilling and bulk sampling. A previous round of underground drilling wrapped up in spring, resulting in high-grade silver-gold-base metals assays. Surface drilling continues.

But Golden Dawn’s very extensive assets—again, all proximal to the mill—offer additional potential to keep the facility busy beyond the PEA’s timespan. Among them are 29 former mines covering 11,000 hectares that came with the January acquisition of Kettle River Resources. One focus is the former Phoenix mine that reportedly gave up around 500 million pounds of copper and nearly one million ounces of gold. Sookochoff, a database specialist, has been poring over something like a century’s worth of files including approximately 3,000 maps and 500 reports.

In the last few years especially, junior companies have been able to acquire so much data that it’s a challenge to handle it efficiently.—George Sookochoff
Golden Dawn Minerals adviser

“In the last few years especially, junior companies have been able to acquire so much data that it’s a challenge to handle it efficiently,” he says. Nevertheless, after compiling the archives and incorporating new exploration data, he hopes to see some “deeper-seated feeder systems” underlying the shallow former mines.

Phoenix has deep-penetration airborne VTEM planned for September, he says. “If we get a strong anomaly coincident with a former mine, we’ll know that’s a mineralized geophysical signature and we’ll look for similar signatures around the property. This should be extremely valuable to identify larger systems deeper down, or even smaller ones closer to surface.”

Additional potential, not covered by the PEA, could come from Washington state. Earlier this month Golden Dawn announced an LOI for the Lone Star copper-gold property just across the border and contiguous with Lexington. With “material that looks very suitable to our mill,” the 234-hectare property would come with a 2007 estimate that the company considers non-43-101:

  • indicated: 63,000 tonnes averaging 1.28 g/t gold and 2.3% copper for 2,600 ounces gold and 3.19 million pounds copper

  • inferred: 682,000 tonnes averaging 1.46 g/t gold and 2% copper for 32,000 ounces gold and 30.07 million pounds copper

Big plans notwithstanding, Golden Dawn’s not immune to the typical junior hope that a senior might come knocking. The Greenwood camp’s largest landholder is Kinross Gold TSX:K. As the company’s Buckhorn mine close to the B.C. border in Washington state nears depletion, Kinross might look for other convenient assets to keep its Kettle River mill in operation, Sookochoff suggests. That might make some of Golden Dawn’s primarily gold assets attractive, although the high-grade copper projects would be more suitable for the Greenwood mill, he says.

As a native of Grand Forks, about a half-hour drive east, Sookochoff says the region shows strong community support for mining. A packed open house held in December went very well, he adds, and the company enjoys “very positive relations with the Osoyoos Indian Band. They’re very supportive, very pro-business.”

Earlier this month Golden Dawn closed the final tranche of a private placement totalling $1.76 million. In February the company closed a gold purchase agreement that brought in US$4 million. That same month the company received a US$1-million increase in a convertible security that began the previous August at US$2.4 million. Even with the caveat that the company intends to proceed without feasibility-level de-risking, the PEA allows Golden Dawn to return to the market “with a stronger story now,” says Sookochoff.

Mining headhunter Andrew Pollard says recent hiring indicates a new wave of mining activity

June 23rd, 2017

…Read more

June 23rd, 2017

Does coal stand a chance against renewable energy? Stockhouse
Qatar freight embargo raises fears of a barite squeeze Industrial Minerals
The next Minsky moment GoldSeek
King’s Wealth: Gold Stocks Playbook part 1 Streetwise Reports
A look at Ivanhoe’s Kamoa-Kakula project Geology for Investors
Cobalt supply is in a “death spiral”: Jack Lifton SmallCapPower
Takeaways from the recent Industrial Minerals lithium conference in Montreal The Disruptive Discoveries Journal
Free labour, bot workers and the new economics of businesses Equities.com
Lithium-ion batteries now sell for less than $140 per kWh Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

June 22nd, 2017

The next Minsky moment GoldSeek
King’s Wealth: Gold Stocks Playbook part 1 Streetwise Reports
Market quest for innovative composites driving industry growth Industrial Minerals
A look at Ivanhoe’s Kamoa-Kakula project Geology for Investors
Cobalt supply is in a “death spiral”: Jack Lifton SmallCapPower
Battery sector demand sends cobalt price up 70% this year Stockhouse
Takeaways from the recent Industrial Minerals lithium conference in Montreal The Disruptive Discoveries Journal
Free labour, bot workers and the new economics of businesses Equities.com
Lithium-ion batteries now sell for less than $140 per kWh Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

Visual Capitalist: How copper riches helped shape Chile’s economic story

June 21st, 2017

by Jeff Desjardins | posted with permission of Visual Capitalist | June 21, 2017

Although Chile has always been noted for its abundant mineral wealth, the country was actually not a notable copper producer even at the beginning of the 20th century.

In 1907, for example, the United States was able to produce nearly 14 times as much copper as Chile. The reality was that shortages in capital, organization and water kept the country’s massive, low-grade deposits from being developed at any significant scale.

The copper standard

Things would change dramatically for Chile. The country has been the world’s top copper producer now for over 30 years, and today close to 50% of the country’s exports come from copper-related products.

This infographic comes from Altiplano Minerals TSXV:APN and it tells the story of how Chile tapped into its copper wealth to become the richest and freest economy in Latin America.

 

How copper riches helped shape Chile’s economic story

 

New milling technology, economic reforms and increasing investment attractiveness were catalysts that turned Chile into a copper powerhouse. In turn, copper exports helped propel the Chilean economy to new heights.

“The miracle of Chile”

This incredible leap can be summed up aptly with two facts:

1) Copper production went from under one million tonnes per year (late 1970s) to over five million tonnes per year (2000s).

2) Despite this massive rise, copper as a percentage of exports fell. It went from a peak of 80% of exports to more like 50% today.

Over this time, as the economy diversified, Chilean GDP per capita (PPP) gained massive ground on the Latin American average and passed it in the early 1990s.

Chile’s GDP per capita today is the highest in Latin America of major economies:

 

  GDP per capita (2015, PPP)
Chile $24,170
Argentina $22,459
Mexico $18,370
Venezuela $17,430
Brazil $15,941
Colombia $14,164
Peru $12,639
Ecuador $11,839
Guatemala $7,704

 

That said, critics of Chile’s economy will point to its inequality. The country’s Gini Coefficient, according to the World Bank, is higher (less equal) than only a handful of Latin American and Caribbean economies: Panama, Belize, Haiti, Suriname, Honduras and Colombia.

Mining in Chile today

Today, Chile’s mines produce copper, gold, molybdenum, iron and silver. The country also produces more lithium than any country from its salars.

The country is the world’s undisputed copper heavyweight champion—it’s been the top producer for 30-plus years and holds an impressive seven of the world’s top 14 copper mines. The biggest mine, Escondida, produces over a million tonnes of the red metal each year, equal to 5% of the world’s annual copper supply.

The copper crown is likely to be held by Chile in the future, as well. According to the Chilean Copper Commission (Cochilco), between 2000 and 2015 about 35 copper deposits and three gold deposits were discovered in central-north Chile. They increased the country’s resources by 208.6 million tons of copper and 34.3 million ounces of gold.

The new copper discovered is roughly equal to 30% of global discoveries over the same time period.

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

Mountain Boy Minerals drills more visible gold at B.C.’s Golden Triangle

June 21st, 2017

by Greg Klein | June 21, 2017

With two rigs busy, Mountain Boy Minerals TSXV:MTB intersected visible gold above historic underground workings on northwestern British Columbia’s Red Cliff property. Assays are still pending, but one of the holes that intersected a sheared, mineralized intrusive on the Montrose zone showed the welcome sight of yellow within numerous galena stringers. The company added that mineralization within the two most recent holes resembles a previously reported hole from the same zone that graded 14.53 g/t gold and 0.27% copper over 30.64 metres.

Mountain Boy Minerals drills more visible gold at B.C.’s Golden Triangle

The sight of gold attracts Mountain Boy Minerals
more than Red Cliff’s rugged scenery.

Work continues to test an approximately 200-metre vertical distance between the previous holes and the past-producer’s workings.

About 900 metres south of Montrose, meanwhile, the other rig targets the Red Cliff zone, where quartz with chalcopyrite, pyrite and sphalerite has been found in zones up to five metres in width.

The program also intends to confirm previous results from the property’s Waterpump zone, a goal that will require a drone and possibly climbers to find a 1988 mountainside drill collar.

Mountain Boy has a 35% stake in the project, with JV partner Decade Resources TSXV:DEC holding the remainder.

In deals re-negotiated with Great Bear Resources TSXV:GBR earlier this month, Mountain Boy increased its options on two other Golden Triangle properties, Surprise Creek and BA, from 50% to 100%. Other northwestern B.C. interests include a 100% stake in the MB project, with historic, non-43-101 polymetallic estimates; a 50% stake in the George property, with non-43-101 copper-silver-gold estimates; a 20% stake in Silver Coin, with a gold-silver-base metals resource; the American Creek and Bear Valley silver-base metals projects; as well as copper-gold claims. In southern B.C., Mountain Boy prepares to begin PEA studies on its Manuel Creek zeolite project.

Read more about Mountain Boy Minerals.

See an infographic about B.C.’s Golden Triangle.

Closeology helps Zimtu Capital close in on NWT diamonds

June 21st, 2017

by Greg Klein | June 21, 2017

A surprisingly neglected property in an especially prospective location gets some overdue attention as a crew mobilizes for the Northwest Territories’ Munn Lake diamond project. Held 50% each by Zimtu Capital TSXV:ZC and a staking partner, the property has ground geophysics and till sampling about to begin.

The property does have diamonds, as historic work shows. Non-43-101 results from a 581-kilogram sample on the Yuryi boulder field revealed 226 diamonds, 62 of them macro-diamonds. Non-43-101 results from a 42-kilogram sample on the Munn Lake kimberlite sill showed 14 diamonds, including two macros and 12 micro-diamonds.

There’s closeology and then there’s closeology, as Zimtu Capital closes in on NWT diamonds

Southern Slave kimberlites show an incomparably
higher success rate than those of the northern craton.

The Munn Lake sill is the source of one of five kimberlite indicator mineral trains. The other four have seen little follow-up work, leaving their sources unknown.

The current agenda calls for further till sampling and a tight magnetic survey, explains Neil McCallum of Dahrouge Geological Consulting, which will conduct the program. Using GPS that wasn’t available to the previous operator, he expects “more focused” results.

One of the distinctions that really intrigues McCallum is Munn Lake’s especially prospective location. The Slave Craton has three diamond mines in operation, two past producers and an advanced stage project. But chances of a kimberlite actually holding diamonds are much higher in the southern Slave, home to Munn Lake.

“There are some 250 or so known kimberlites in the northern Slave’s Lac de Gras field whereas the southern Slave has only about 16 that are known,” McCallum explains. “Of those 16, six have been mined, are currently producing or are in advanced stages.” He points to De Beers’ former Snap Lake operation, the high-grade Kelvin and Faraday kimberlites being advanced by Kennady Diamonds TSXV:KDI and three kimberlites going into Gahcho Kué, the De Beers/Mountain Province Diamonds TSX:MPV JV that officially opened last September as the world’s largest new diamond mine in 13 years.

That’s notwithstanding the Lac de Gras success stories in the north, home to the Rio Tinto NYSE:RIO/Dominion Diamond TSX:DDC Diavik JV and Dominion’s majority-held Ekati mine.

Kimberlites of the south Slave are much older (by nearly 500 million years) and much rarer than those of the north. But when they’re found, they’re much more likely to bear diamonds—and diamonds of economic grades, McCallum adds.

“The Munn Lake property is closer to the kimberlites of the southern Slave cluster and the Munn Lake kimberlite sill is similar in geometry to the others in the southern Slave. So with the proposed expansion of the Munn Lake kimberlite sill and the potential for several new kimberlites on the project, the Munn Lake property has very good odds for a high-grade discovery.”

Munn Lake also benefits from a winter road running through the 14,000-hectare property, connecting Gahcho Kué with Yellowknife.

McCallum expects the mag results to arrive about one week after the survey finishes, with the till samples taking about a month. “I’m really looking forward to see what comes out,” he says.

“I’d like to see some drilling on the project too. On the kimberlite that the past operators did intercept, I’m not sure they hit the best target.”

June 21st, 2017

The next Minsky moment GoldSeek
King’s Wealth: Gold Stocks Playbook part 1 Streetwise Reports
Market quest for innovative composites driving industry growth Industrial Minerals
A look at Ivanhoe’s Kamoa-Kakula project Geology for Investors
Cobalt supply is in a “death spiral”: Jack Lifton SmallCapPower
Battery sector demand sends cobalt price up 70% this year Stockhouse
Takeaways from the recent Industrial Minerals lithium conference in Montreal The Disruptive Discoveries Journal
Free labour, bot workers and the new economics of businesses Equities.com
Lithium-ion batteries now sell for less than $140 per kWh Benchmark Mineral Intelligence

Conuma Coal Resources CEO Mark Bartkoski says government and community support helped his company re-open a B.C. mine closed by Walter Energy

June 20th, 2017

…Read more