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Infographic: How to avoid common mistakes with mining stocks (Part 3: Jurisdiction)

by Nicholas LePan | posted with permission of Visual Capitalist | August 27, 2020

“Location, location, location.”

This famous real estate adage also matters in mining. After all, it’s an industry that is all about the geology—but beyond the physical aspects and the location of a mineral deposit, there are also social and environmental factors that create a mining jurisdiction.

Common mistakes with jurisdiction

Visual Capitalist partnered with Eclipse Gold Mining TSXV:EGLD on an infographic series to show you how to avoid common mistakes when evaluating and investing in mining exploration stocks.

Part 3 of the series focuses on six signals investors can use to gauge a company’s preparedness for the jurisdiction it operates in.

View the two other parts of this series so far, covering mistakes made in choosing the team as well as those made with a company’s business plan.

 

Visual Capitalist How to avoid common mistakes with mining stocks (Part 3: Jurisdiction)

 

#1: Geological potential: Methodical prospecting or wild goose chase?

It all starts with a great drill result, but even these can be “one-off” anomalies.

Mineral exploration is a methodical process of drawing a subsurface picture with the tip of a drill bit. A mineral discovery is the cumulative effort of years of research and drilling.

The key to reducing this geological risk is to find a setting that has shown previous potential and committing to it. Typically, a region is known to have hosted other great discoveries or shares geology similar to other mining districts.

Signs of methodical prospecting:

  • Lots of geological indicators

  • Potential for further discovery

  • Sound science

#2: Legal environment: Well-paved path or minotaur’s maze?

Now that it has identified a region with the prospective geology that might host a discovery, a company will have to secure the permits to explore and operate further.

However, a management team that cannot navigate a country’s bureaucracy will face delays and obstacles, costing investors both time and money.

Without clear laws and competent management, a mining company’s best-laid plans become lost in a maze with legal monsters around every legal corner.

Signs of a well-paved highway:

  • Existing laws encourage mining investment

  • Relatively low bureaucracy

  • Well-established permitting process

  • Legacy of mining contributing to economy

#3: Politics: Professional politics or banana republics?

A good legal framework is often the outcome of politics and stable governance—however, so is a difficult legal framework.

The political stability of a nation can turn on one election and so can the prospects for developing a mine. An anti-mining leader can halt a mining project, or a pro-mining leader can usher one forward.

A positive national viewpoint on mining may be enough to lure investment dollars, but local politics may determine the success of a mining company.

Signs of professional politics:

  • Positive history with mining companies

  • Politically stable jurisdiction

  • Rule of law respected

  • Changes in government have little effect on the mining industry

#4: Infrastructure and labour: Modern or medieval?

Sometimes it is the discovery of valuable minerals that spurs national development, but this can also happen the other way around, in which development can encourage mineral discovery.

A mining company looking to build a new mine in a country with a tradition of mining will have an easier time. Access or lack thereof to modern machinery and trained employees will determine how much money will be needed.

That said, if a company is looking to develop a mining project in a new mining region, the company must be ready to help create the skills and infrastructure it needs to mine.

Signs of a modern jurisdiction:

  • Developed roads to access and support operations

  • Trained labour for staffing and development

  • Well-established grid lines and back-up power systems

#5: Community: Fostering friendship or sowing enemies?

Mining operations have a significant impact on the local community. Good companies look to make mutually beneficial partnerships of equals with local communities.

Ignoring or failing to respect the local community will jeopardize a mining project at every stage of its mine life. A local community that does not want mining to occur will oppose even the best-laid plans.

Signs of friendly relations:

  • Operations bring community together

  • Local history shows support for mining

  • Understanding of local concerns and regional variety

  • Company contributes to economic growth and health of the community

#6: Environment: Clean campsite or one-night party?

There is no way around it: mining impacts the environment and local ecosystems. But mining operations are a blip on the radar when it comes to Earth’s timeline.

Mine sites can again become productive ecosystems, if a company has the capacity and plan to mitigate mining’s impacts at every stage of the life of a mine—even beyond the life of a mine.

Signs of a clean campsite:

  • Development plan mitigates environmental damage

  • Well-planned closure and remediation

  • Understand how communities use their environment

Bringing it together: ESG investing

These six points help draw a more complete picture of the impacts of a mining project. Currently, this falls under what is labeled as Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) standards.

Mining companies are the forefront of a big push to adopt these types of considerations into their business, because they directly affect natural and human environments.

ESG is no longer greenwash, especially for the mining industry. Companies that understand and apply these concepts in their business will have better outcomes in the jurisdictions they operate in, potentially offering investors a more successful venture.

Geology does not change on the human time scale, but bad management can quickly lose a good project and investors’ money if operators do not pay attention to the other attributes of a jurisdiction.

See Part 1: How to avoid common mistakes with mining stocks (the team).

See Part 2: How to avoid common mistakes with mining stocks (business plan).

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

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