Friday 17th November 2017

Resource Clips


October, 2017

Gold-copper grades complement Golden Dawn Minerals’ revival of B.C. past-producers

October 31st, 2017

by Greg Klein | October 31, 2017

As drilling continues, Golden Dawn Minerals TSXV:GOM released assays from Golden Crown, one of the projects included in the company’s plan to revive southern British Columbia’s historic Greenwood mining camp.

Gold-copper grades complement Golden Dawn Minerals’ revival of B.C. past-producers

So far the current Golden Crown program has sunk 1,488 metres in 21 surface holes. Results show significant gold and copper in massive sulphide zones or veins and adjacent wall rock, with mineralization in the host rock diorite and serpentinite, Golden Dawn stated. “This style of mineralization was not previously recognized and was not systematically tested in the historic drill holes,” the company added.

Some highlights from the project’s King and Winnipeg zones show:

Hole GC17-02:

  • 3.53 g/t gold and 0.11% copper over 12.3 metres, starting at 9.24 metres in downhole depth
  • (including 7.66 g/t gold and 0.13% copper over 4.6 metres)

GC17-05

  • 5.14 g/t gold and 1.18% copper over 7 metres, starting at 14.65 metres
  • (including 12.27 g/t gold and 1.96% copper over 2.7 metres)

  • 12.6 g/t gold, 2.9 g/t silver and 0.26% copper over 0.56 metres, starting at 79.96 metres

GC17-08

  • 7.55 g/t gold 2.4 g/t silver and 0.23% copper over 0.7 metres, starting at 80.52 metres

True widths weren’t available.

Golden Dawn stated the initial results remain consistent with previously reported assays for the project. At a 3.5 g/t gold-equivalent cutoff, Golden Crown’s 2016 resource shows:

  • indicated: 163,000 tonnes averaging 11.09 g/t gold, 0.56% copper and 11.93 g/t gold-equivalent for 62,500 gold-equivalent ounces

  • inferred: 42,000 tonnes averaging 9.04 g/t gold, 0.43% copper and 9.68 g/t gold-equivalent for 13,100 gold-equivalent ounces

Plans call for infill drilling to upgrade the inferred category and for rehab of the historic underground workings prior to bulk sampling and trial mining expected for next year. Released in June, Greenwood’s PEA also recommended further mine planning, along with metallurgical, geotechnical and environmental studies for Golden Crown.

Meanwhile de-watering continues at the former Lexington mine, another focal point in Golden Dawn’s Greenwood portfolio. The company plans to begin wet commissioning of its Greenwood plant once trial mining begins. The Greenwood projects all sit within an approximately 15-kilometre radius of the company’s processing facility, with a 212-tpd capacity expandable to 400 tpd.

Two weeks ago Golden Dawn released high gold grades, along with silver and base metals results, from sampling on some more recently acquired properties in its regional portfolio.

The June PEA focused on the Golden Crown, Lexington and Mae Mac past-producers, along with the plant. With existing infrastructure, Golden Dawn hopes to put the projects back into production without de-risking at the feasibility level.

In September the company closed the final tranche of a private placement totalling $2.3 million.

Read more about Golden Dawn Minerals.

Update: Mountain Boy Minerals hits visible gold, high-grade assays up to 14.93 g/t over 8.38 metres in NW B.C.

October 31st, 2017

Update: On October 31, Mountain Boy Minerals announced visible gold had been intersected on Red Cliff’s Waterpump zone, described as a faulted extension of the Montrose zone. Four holes had been completed so far at Waterpump, with at least four to six more to come. The company expects to release more Montrose assays soon.

by Greg Klein | October 26, 2017

With one of three drill campaigns vying for attention this season, Mountain Boy Minerals TSXV:MTB moves the Red Cliff project in British Columbia’s Golden Triangle closer to a maiden resource. The latest assays “continue to indicate a large and extensive mineralized zone that has a length of at least 600 metres, a depth of 600 metres and widths up to 40 metres,” said president Ed Kruchkowski. Highlights included 14.93 g/t gold over 8.38 metres and 9.5 g/t over 10.98 metres.

Mountain Boy holds a 35% interest in the project through a JV that has recently acquired additional claims.

Assays for the project’s Red Cliff and Montrose zones, about 1.2 kilometres apart, were released late last month. The current batch comes from Montrose:

Hole DDH-MON-14

  • 4.95 g/t gold over 3.96 metres, starting at 81.71 metres in downhole depth
Mountain Boy Minerals hits more NW B.C. high grades with 14.93 g/t gold over 8.38 metres

A rig tests the Red Cliff project’s Montrose zone.

DDH-MON-15

  • 3.8 g/t over 2.74 metres, starting at 14.63 metres

  • 3.31 g/t over 2.13 metres, starting at 21.65 metres

  • 6.12 g/t over 2.13 metres, starting at 29.7 metres

DDH-MON-16

  • 6.63 g/t over 9.14 metres, starting at 5.79 metres

DDH-MON-17

  • 6.21 g/t over 9.15 metres, starting at 17.38 metres

  • 7.01 g/t over 2.59 metres, starting at 28.81 metres

DDH-MON-18

  • 4.95 g/t over 7.93 metres, starting at 35.98 metres

  • 14.93 g/t over 8.38 metres, starting at 49.7 metres

DDH-MON-26

  • 4.93 g/t over 3.05 metres, starting at 258.54 metres

DDH-MON-27

  • 9.5 g/t over 10.98 metres, starting at 290.15 metres

True widths weren’t provided.

Still to come are assays for 20 other holes. The program drilled five holes on the Red Cliff zone and 35 on Montrose, with a highlight from the latter zone showing 19.9 g/t gold over 4.12 metres. The company now has a crew building a road to move the rig to the Waterpump zone for another eight to 10 holes.

Earlier this week Mountain Boy announced metallurgical results on two composite core samples from a single Red Cliff hole produced recoveries of 94.8% and 97.6% gold, additionally showing potential for lead and copper byproducts.

Also this week Mountain Boy and 65% JV partner Decade Resources TSXV:DEC stated they would buy the Red Cliff vendor’s 1% NSR on a pro rata basis. Mountain Boy’s share will cost $3,500 and 171,428 shares.

Two weeks ago the company released assays from its 20%-held Silver Coin, another Golden Triangle project that had completed 10 holes totalling 1,616 metres out of a 2,000-metre program. Results came in as high as 22.95 g/t gold and 13.1 g/t silver over 2.5 metres; along with 31.02 g/t gold and 28.5 g/t silver over 1.5 metres.

Assays are also pending from the season’s third drill campaign, which consisted of two holes sunk on a barite-sulphide area of Mountain Boy’s 100%-held Surprise Creek project.

The company closed a $586,400 private placement last month.

Read Isabel Belger’s interview with Mountain Boy Minerals chairperson René Bernard.

See an infographic about B.C.’s Golden Triangle.

October 31st, 2017

LME zeros in on electric vehicles as London comes of age Benchmark Mineral Intelligence
The world is running out of gold mines—here’s how investors can play it Stockhouse
U.S. congressmen warn about counterfeit gold and silver coins GoldSeek
Debt drives gold more than geopolitical events; Bitcoin still a speculative investment more than a store of value, says Sprott’s Trey Reik SmallCapPower
What Nobel Prize winner Richard Thaler says about economics and markets Equities.com
Silver underperforms compared with gold Streetwise Reports
Raw materials, consolidation troubling refractory makers Industrial Minerals
Looking at Vatic Ventures’ potash project in Thailand Geology for Investors
Q2 energy metals earnings review—crunch time for the lithium majors The Disruptive Discoveries Journal

Visual Capitalist: Nickel, secret driver of the battery revolution

October 30th, 2017

by Jeff Desjardins | posted with permission of Visual Capitalist | October 30, 2017

Nickel, the secret driver of the battery revolution

 

Commodity markets are being turned upside down by the EV revolution.

But while lithium and cobalt deservedly get a lot of the press, there is another metal that will also be changed forever by increasing penetration rates of EVs in the automobile market: nickel.

This infographic comes to us from North American Nickel TSXV:NAN and it dives into nickel’s rapidly increasing role in lithium-ion battery chemistries, as well as interesting developments on the supply end of the spectrum.

Nickel’s vital role

Our cells should be called nickel-graphite, because primarily the cathode is nickel and the anode side is graphite with silicon oxide.—Elon Musk,
Tesla CEO and co-founder

Nickel’s role in lithium-ion batteries may be under-appreciated for now, but certainly one person familiar with the situation has been vocal about the metal’s importance.

Indeed, nickel is the most important metal by mass in the lithium-ion battery cathodes used by EV manufacturers—it makes up about 80% of an NCA cathode and about one-third of NMC or LMO-NMC cathodes. More importantly, as battery formulations evolve, it’s expected that we’ll use more nickel, not less.

According to UBS, in its recent report on tearing down a Chevy Bolt, here is how NMC cathodes are expected to evolve:

Cathode Year Nickel Manganese Cobalt
NMC Present 33% 33% 33%
NMC 2018 60% 20% 20%
NMC 2020 80% 10% 10%

The end result? In time, nickel will make up 80% of the mass in both NCA and NMC cathodes, used by companies like Tesla and Chevrolet.

Impact on the nickel market

Nickel, which is primarily used for the production of stainless steel, is already one of the world’s most important metal markets, at over $20 billion in size. For this reason, how much the nickel market is affected by battery demand depends largely on EV penetration.

A shift of just 10% of the global car fleet to EVs would create demand for 400,000 tonnes of nickel, in a two-million-tonne market. Glencore sees nickel shortage as EV demand burgeons.—Ivan Glasenberg,
Glencore CEO

EVs currently constitute about 1% of auto demand—this translates to 70,000 tonnes of nickel demand, about 3% of the total market. However, as EV penetration goes up, nickel demand increases rapidly as well.

The supply kicker

Even though much more nickel will be needed for lithium-ion batteries, there is an interesting wrinkle in that equation: most nickel in the global supply chain is not actually suited for battery production.

Today’s nickel supply comes from two very different types of deposits:

  • Nickel laterites: Low-grade, bulk-tonnage deposits that make up 62.4% of current production

  • Nickel sulphides: Higher-grade, but rarer deposits that make up 37.5% of current production

Many laterite deposits are used to produce nickel pig iron and ferronickel, which are cheap inputs to make Chinese stainless steel. Meanwhile, nickel sulphide deposits are used to make nickel metal as well as nickel sulphate. The latter salt, nickel sulphate, is what’s used primarily for electroplating and lithium-ion cathode material, and less than 10% of nickel supply is in sulphate form.

A shift of just 10% of the global car fleet to EVs would create demand for 400,000 tonnes of nickel, in a two-million-tonne market. Glencore sees nickel shortage as EV demand burgeons.—Wood Mackenzie

Not surprisingly, major mining companies see this as an opportunity. In August 2017, mining giant BHP Billiton NYSE:BHP announced it would invest $43.2 million to build the world’s biggest nickel sulphate plant in Australia.

But even investments like this may not be enough to capture rising demand for nickel sulphate.

Although the capacity to produce nickel sulphate is expanding rapidly, we cannot yet identify enough nickel sulphate capacity to feed the projected battery forecasts.

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

October 30th, 2017

The world is running out of gold mines—here’s how investors can play it Stockhouse
U.S. congressmen warn about counterfeit gold and silver coins GoldSeek
Debt drives gold more than geopolitical events; Bitcoin still a speculative investment more than a store of value, says Sprott’s Trey Reik SmallCapPower
What Nobel Prize winner Richard Thaler says about economics and markets Equities.com
Silver underperforms compared with gold Streetwise Reports
Raw materials, consolidation troubling refractory makers Industrial Minerals
China builds graphite anode megafactories for the lithium-ion battery surge Benchmark Mineral Intelligence
Looking at Vatic Ventures’ potash project in Thailand Geology for Investors
Q2 energy metals earnings review—crunch time for the lithium majors The Disruptive Discoveries Journal

Charles Desjardins discusses Pistol Bay Mining’s portfolio covering most of Ontario’s Confederation Lake belt

October 27th, 2017

…Read more

Paved with mineralization

October 27th, 2017

Norman B. Keevil’s memoir retraces Teck’s—and his own—rocky road to success

by Greg Klein

Norman B. Keevil’s memoir retraces Teck’s—and his own—rocky road to success

Profitable right from the beginning, Teck’s Elkview mine “would become
the key chip in the consolidation of the Canadian steelmaking coal industry.”
(Photo: Teck Resources)

 

“We were all young and relatively inexperienced in such matters in those days.”

He was referring to copper futures, a peril then unfamiliar to him. But the remark’s a bit rich for someone who was, at the time he’s writing about, 43 years old and president/CEO of a company that opened four mines in the previous six years. Still, the comment helps relate how Norman B. Keevil enjoyed the opportune experience of maturing professionally along with a company that grew into Canada’s largest diversified miner. Now chairperson of Teck Resources, he’s penned a memoir/corporate history/fly-on-the-wall account that’s a valuable contribution to Canadian business history, not to mention the country’s rich mining lore.

Norman B. Keevil’s memoir retraces Teck’s—and his own—road to success

Norman B. Keevil
(Photo: Teck Resources)

Never Rest on Your Ores: Building a Mining Company, One Stone at a Time follows the progress of a group of people determined to avoid getting mined out or taken out. In addition to geoscientific, engineering and financial expertise, luck accompanies them (much of the time, anyway), as does acumen (again, much of the time anyway).

Teck gains its first foothold as a predecessor company headed by Keevil’s father, Norman Bell Keevil, drills Temagami, a project that came up barren for Anaconda. The new guys hit 28% copper over 17.7 metres. Further drilling leads to the three-sentence feasibility study:

Dr. Keevil: What shall we do about Temagami?

Joe Frantz: Let’s put it into production.

Bill Bergey: Sounds good to me.

They schedule production for two and a half months later.

A few other stories relate a crucial 10 seconds in the Teck-Hughes acquisition, the accidental foray into Saskatchewan oil, the Toronto establishment snubbing Afton because of its VSE listing, an underhanded ultimatum from the British Columbia government, getting out of the oyster business and winning an unheard-of 130% financing for Hemlo.

Readers learn how Murray Pezim out-hustled Robert Friedland. But when it came to Voisey’s, Friedland would play Inco and Falconbridge “as though he were using a Stradivarius.” Keevil describes one guy welching on a deal with the (apparently for him) unarguable excuse that it was only a “gentleman’s agreement.”

Norman B. Keevil’s memoir retraces Teck’s—and his own—rocky road to success

Through it all, Teck gets projects by discovery or acquisition and puts them into production. Crucial to this success was the Teck team, with several people getting honourable mention. The author’s closest accomplice was the late Robert Hallbauer, the former Craigmont pit supervisor whose team “would go on to build more new mines in a shorter time than anyone else had in Canadian history.” Deal-making virtuoso David Thompson also gets frequent mention, with one performance attributed to his “arsenal of patience, knowledge of the opponents, more knowledge of the business than some of them had, and a tad of divide and conquer…”

Partnerships span the spectrum between blessing and curse. International Telephone and Telegraph backs Teck’s first foray into Chile but frustrates its ability to do traditional mining deals. The Elk Valley Coal Partnership puts Teck, a company that reinvests revenue into growth, at odds with the dividend-hungry Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan. Working with a Cominco subsidiary, Keevil finds the small-cap explorer compromised by the “ephemeral response of the junior stock market.” And smelters rip off miners. But that doesn’t mean a smelter can’t become a valued partner.

Keevil argues the case for an almost cartel-like level of co-operation among miners. Co-ordinated decisions could avoid surplus production, he maintains. Teck’s consolidation of Canada’s major coal mines helped the industry stand up to Japanese steelmakers, who had united to take advantage of disorganized Canadian suppliers. “Anti-trust laws may be antediluvian,” he states.

Keevil admits some regrets, like missing Golden Giant and a Kazakhstan gold project now valued at $2 billion. The 2008 crash forced Teck to give up Cobre Panama, now “expected to be a US$6 billion copper mine.” Teck settled a coal partnership impasse by buying out the Ontario Teachers’ share for $12 billion. Two months later the 2008 crisis struck. Over two years Teck plunged from $3.6 billion in net cash to $12 billion in net debt.

But he wonders if his own biggest mistake was paying far too much for the remaining 50% of Cominco when an outright purchase might not have been necessary. Keevil attributes the initial 50%, on the other hand, to a miracle of deal-making.

For the most part Keevil ends his account in 2005, when he relinquishes the top job to Don Lindsay. By that time the company had 11 operating mines and a smelting/refining facility at Trail. A short chapter on the following 10 years, among the most volatile since the early ’70s, credits Teck with “a classic recovery story which deserves a full chapter in the next edition of Never Rest on Your Ores.” Such a sequel might come in another 10 years, he suggests.

Let’s hope he writes it, although it’ll be a different kind of book. As chairperson he won’t be as closely involved in the person-to-person, deal-to-deal, mine-to-mine developments that comprise the greatest strength of this book—that and the fact that the author grew with the company as it became Canada’s largest diversified miner.

Meanwhile, maybe Lindsay’s been keeping a diary.

The author’s proceeds go to two organizations that promote mining awareness, MineralsEd and Mining Matters.

October 27th, 2017

Chris Powell: The essentially prohibited questions about the price of gold GoldSeek
Debt drives gold more than geopolitical events; Bitcoin still a speculative investment more than a store of value, says Sprott’s Trey Reik SmallCapPower
What Nobel Prize winner Richard Thaler says about economics and markets Equities.com
Silver underperforms compared with gold Streetwise Reports
Raw materials, consolidation troubling refractory makers Industrial Minerals
China builds graphite anode megafactories for the lithium-ion battery surge Benchmark Mineral Intelligence
Car manufacturers are electrifying copper, “the metal of the future” Stockhouse
Looking at Vatic Ventures’ potash project in Thailand Geology for Investors
Q2 energy metals earnings review—crunch time for the lithium majors The Disruptive Discoveries Journal

Emerita Resources JVs on Spanish zinc project next to high-grade former mine

October 26th, 2017

by Greg Klein | October 26, 2017

A successful public tender brings Emerita Resources TSXV:EMO an acquisition hosting extensions of an adjacent past-producer characterized as “among the richest zinc mines in the world.” Through a newly formed JV, the company gets a 50% stake in the Plaza Norte project in northern Spain’s Reocin Basin. The neighbouring Reocin mine produced about 62 million tonnes averaging 11% zinc and 1.4% lead up to 2003.

Emerita Resources JVs on Spanish zinc project next to high-grade former mine

The regional government of Cantabria tendered 13,800 hectares of claims that lapsed when Reocin shut down. “Based on a rigorous review of [historic] drilling data, we are confident that we have selected the claims with the highest potential,” said Emerita president/CEO Joaquin Merino. “We are also extremely pleased with the strong support received from the community and government to date.”

Emerita will act as project operator on behalf of JV partner the Aldesa Group, a specialized construction and infrastructure firm with international operations. The tender granted rights to Plaza Norte for three years with an option to renew.

Emerita has been studying historic data from the property since mid-2016, building a database of over 300 holes totalling approximately 73,000 metres. The Plaza Norte claims cover most of the drilling area, including those with high-grade intervals, the company stated. Some examples include 9.72% zinc over 18.96 metres and 7.05% over 8.2 metres. The core was placed under government storage.

The JV will submit exploration plans to the government within four months.

Cantabria infrastructure includes an industrial port and an excellent rail and road network, Emerita added. Glencore operates a zinc smelter about 180 kilometres by road from Plaza Norte.

Regarding its bid on another Spanish project, last month Emerita reported encouraging news about the Paymogo property in Andalusia. After a competing bid was selected, a court ruled the process invalid, ordering bids to be re-assessed. The company expressed confidence that its bid would prevail if the process “eliminates the illegal criteria and leaves the legal criteria as originally scored.”

Paymogo hosts an historic, non-43-101 estimate of 34 million tonnes averaging 0.42% copper, 1.1% lead, 2.3% zinc, 44 g/t silver and 0.8 g/t gold.

In March the company announced progress on another disputed Andalusian tender, this one for the Aznalcollar zinc project.

Earlier this month the company announced conditional TSXV approval for its acquisition of the Salobro zinc project in Brazil. Salobro comes with an historic, non-43-101 estimate of 8.3 million tonnes averaging 7.12% zinc.

In June Emerita announced an option to acquire the Falcon Litio MG project, adjacent to Brazil’s only lithium mine.

Emerita also holds the Sierra Alta gold property in northwestern Spain.

King’s Bay Resources to begin first-ever drill program on Labrador copper-cobalt project

October 26th, 2017

by Greg Klein | October 26, 2017

Following up on field work and airborne geophysics, King’s Bay Resources TSXV:KBG has returned to its Lynx Lake property to prepare the site for an initial drill campaign. Under focus will be a VTEM-identified anomaly about 400 metres in diameter, extending about 50 to 300 metres in depth on the property’s West Pit.

King’s Bay Resources begins first-ever drill program on Labrador copper-cobalt project

A prospector displays a sample of
massive sulphides from Lynx Lake.

Historic, non-43-101 grab samples from the area brought up to 1.03% copper, 0.566% cobalt, 0.1% nickel, 5 g/t silver, 0.36% chromium, 0.39% molybdenum and 0.23% vanadium. At least two holes totalling 500 metres are planned.

About 24,000 hectares in size, the southeastern Labrador property has a year-round highway passing through the property and an adjacent powerline. East of the highway, historic, non-43-101 grab samples assayed up to 1.39% copper, 0.94% cobalt, 0.21% nickel and 6.5 g/t silver.

Earlier this month King’s Bay wrapped up Phase I exploration at its 200-hectare Trump Island copper-cobalt project on Newfoundland’s northern coast. Assays are pending for 15 outcrop samples showing sulphidic wall rock and massive sulphide veins.

In September the company offered a private placement up to $250,000. The previous month King’s Bay closed the second tranche of a financing that totalled $402,750.

See an infographic about cobalt.