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Infographic: The world’s most famous diamonds

Infographic: The world’s most famous diamonds

 

by Jeff Desjardins | posted with permission of Visual Capitalist | November 5, 2015

Original graphic by Gear Jewellers.

You may have heard of the Cullinan Diamond or the Hope Diamond, but do you know the stories behind these legendary finds? This infographic looks at the history and characteristics of six of the most famous diamonds.

A diamond primer

Every diamond is unique and as a result the value of a particular diamond is partially determined by the eye of the beholder. The diamond industry generally uses a set of criteria called the four Cs to help determine the potential value of a diamond: clarity, cut, carats and colour.

Most diamonds have major deficiencies in one or more of the above categories. For example, while a diamond may be clear and large in size, it may have a less desirable colour and shape. In a previous infographic, we explained the importance of these characteristics in more depth and we’ve also previously posted on the significance of rare coloured diamonds.

The most famous diamonds in the world are exceptionally rare: they tend to excel in all four of the above categories. They are a desired colour and shape, have great clarity and are giant in size.

The most famous diamonds

The stories behind six of the most famous diamonds in brief:

The Cullinan Diamond: Perhaps the most well-known, the Cullinan Diamond was discovered in 1905 in South Africa. Weighing in at 3,106.75 carats, the Cullinan is the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever discovered. The diamond was ultimately cut into nine smaller stones including the 530.2-carat Star of Africa, which is valued at over $400 million alone.

The Hope Diamond: The Hope Diamond is a grayish-blue diamond that was discovered in India at an unknown date. It has a long history, in which it changed hands numerous times between countries and eventually ended up at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C.

The Centenary Diamond: The Centenary Diamond is considered to be one of the most flawless diamonds, both internally and externally. Discovered in South Africa, it was unveiled in its final form by De Beers in 1991. The current owner is unknown.

The Regent Diamond: This pale blue diamond was discovered by a slave in India in 1698. After eventually making it to the crowns of Louis XV and Louis XVI in France, it is now on display at the Louvre in Paris and weighs 140.64 carats.

The Koh-i-Noor Diamond: Meaning “Mountain of Light” in the Persian language, this diamond was discovered at a mine in India. It is of the finest white colour and made its way from a Hindu temple eventually to the UK crown in 1850.

The Orlov Diamond: Discovered in India at an unknown date, this jewel retains its traditional Indian rose-style cut. The Orlov, which weighs in at 189.62 carats and is white with a faint bluish-green colour, now rests in the Kremlin in Russia.

The world’s most famous diamonds all have intriguing stories behind their discoveries. However, a diamond prospector doesn’t need to find a diamond to strike it rich. Check out the infographic story of Diamond Fields, a diamond company that ended up finding and auctioning off one of the world’s richest nickel deposits for billions.

Original graphic by Gear Jewellers.

Posted with permission of Visual Capitalist.

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